Ruby-throated Hummingbird Migration
Ruby-throated Hummingbirds normally spend the winter in Central America. From March through May they migrate north, some through the eastern two thirds of Texas, some apparently through Cuba and Florida, and some apparently directly across the Gulf of Mexico. Birds reach the southern Gulf coast in late February and early March. Later migrants fly to breeding grounds further north. The farther north they are going the later they travel. Arrival time on the breeding grounds tends to not occur until food plants are blooming. Departure time also corresponds with the end of the blooming season for food plants. Fall migration lasts from late July until late October in the southern states.Be sure to look at the excellent Migration Maps in Lanny Chambers’ Hummingbirds! site (external link).
Black-chinned Hummingbird Migration
In spring Black-chinned Hummingbirds can be seen returning to Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona from mid-March through May. They reach Southern California by late March. It may be May before the species reaches the northwest states and British Columbia.
In fall they leave west-coast areas in mid-August and September. In Texas they are usually gone by mid-October. Most Black-chinned Hummingbirds winter in Mexico.
Broad-tailed Hummingbird Migration
Broad-tailed Hummingbirds spend the winter in mountains of Mexico. During spring migration they reach west Texas in March and April. In Arizona Broad-tails usually show up in March or early April. More northern states like Wyoming may not get Broad-tails until May. Broad-tails regularly migrate as far west as eastern California.
In fall they leave Wyoming and Colorado in September. Arizona, New Mexico and Texas may see fall migrants as late as October.
Rufous Hummingbird Migration — In spring Rufous Hummingbirds migrate up the Pacific coast, passing through California from February to May. The birds reach British Columbia in early April and Alaska by mid-April. Birds arrive in Idaho and Montana around the end of April.
In the fall Rufous Hummingbirds are gone from Alaska by the end of August. They migrate through California in late June, July, and August. Many Rufous Hummingbirds pass through Colorado in late July and August. They pass through Arizona and New Mexico from mid-July to August. A number of fall migrants end up far east of the normal range. Some vagrant birds spend the winter at feeders in the east, especially at locations along the Gulf Coast.
Be sure to look at the excellent Migration Maps in Lanny Chambers’ Hummingbirds! site (external link).
Calliope Hummingbird Migration — Breeds in western mountains as far north as central British Columbia. Spring migrants arrive in southern California in early March. Arrives in Oregon in early May. Birds may not arrive in Idaho and Montana until mid-or late May. Fall migration is early. Calliopes depart from Washington, British Columbia, and Idaho in late August. Migrating birds can be seen in Arizona and New Mexico.
Costa Hummingbird Migration — Breeds in central and southern California, southern and western Arizona and parts of southern Nevada and Utah. Winters in southern California and southwestern Arizona. Range extend into western Mexico. Spring arrivals from late January to March. Breeds early and may be gone from desert breeding areas by the end of May. Some reappear in winter in Pima and Yuma counties.
Allen’s Hummingbird Migration — Non-migratory in southern California. Spring migration into the rest of western California (up to about the Oregon state line) from January to April. They begin moving south in July and August.
Click Here for State by State Migration Information
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Arrival and Departure Dates for Various Migrating HummingbirdsCalliope Hummingbird(4189 bytes)
These dates are approximate and will be refined in future updates. If you have good information about arrival and departure dates in your state or province, send us an e-mail.
Alabama — Ruby-throats arrive in mid-March (earlier on coast). They depart in October
Alaska — Rufous Hummingbirds arrive in early May; may linger as long as October
Broad-billed Hummingbird — Arrives late March or early April; leaves in September. Common in some riparian woodlands and mesquite washes in southeastern Arizona.
White-eared Hummingbird — Rare summer resident in riparian woodlands and pine-oak woodlands in southeastern Arizona. Most often seen at Ramsey Canyon.
Cinnamon Hummingbird (extremly rare) – one summer record from Patagonia.
Berylline Hummingbird — Rare in summer in Chiricahua, Santa Rita, and Huachuca Mountains of sotheastern Arizona.
Violet-crowned Hummingbird — Rare summer resident in southeastern Arizona. Riparian woodlands. Most often at Patagonia, Portal, Ramsey Canyon, and Madera Canyon.
Blue-throated Hummingbird — Arrives April; leaves late October.
Magnificent Humingbird — Arrives in late March and leaves in late October or early November. Seen in mountains.
Plain-capped Starthroat (very rare)– Rare in late summer and early fall in southeastern Arizona, likes agave-covered foothills.
Lucifer Hummingbird (rare) — Arrives early April; leaves early October. In southeastern Arizona, especially in agave-covered foothills
Black-chinned Hummingbird — Arrives in March, leaves in early October
Anna’s Hummingbird — Common in winter in Tucson and Phoenix. Also in desert scrub and riparian areas. Rare in summer. Nests between January and June.
Costa’s Hummingbird — Common in late winter and spring in desert scrub desert washes, and grassland where there are ocotillos. Uncommon in winter in Tucson.
Calliope Hummingbird — Rare in April migration; returns in July and can be seen until early September.
Bumblebee Hummingbird — Possible record over 100 years ago in southeastern Arizona.
Broad-tailed Hummingbird — Arrives in March; leaves in late September. Seen in mountains.
Rufous Hummingbird — Passes through, especially in western Arizona, in March and April (uncommon). Then passes through entire state in large numbers from July to mid-October. Rare in winter.
Allen’s Hummingbird — rare, usually in July. Almost impossible to distinguish from Rufous Hummingbird unless it is an adult male.
Arkansas — Ruby-throats arrive in early April, sometimes in mid- or late March; they depart in September or October
California — Migrating hummingbirds can arrive as early as January or February and departure dates are often in October. Anna’s Hummingbirds are present year round. This is a large, diverse state. Broad-tails migrate through eastern California and nest in central California. Costa’s Hummingbirds breed in southern and western California. Contact your local Audubon Society for more information.
Colorado — Migrants arrive in late April and depart in early September. Most common species are Broad-tailed, Rufous, and Black-chinned.
Connecticut — Ruby-throats usually arrive in early May; they usually leave by mid-September
Delaware — Ruby-throats usually arrive in early May
Florida — Ruby-throats arrive in early to mid-March. They usually leave by the end of October.
Georgia — Ruby-throats arrive in March; they are usually gone by mid-October
Idaho — Migrants arrive in mid-May; they are usually gone after the first week of September. The most seen hummers are Black-chinned, Broad-tailed, Rufous, and Calliope.
Illinois — Ruby-throats usually arrive in April. They are usually gone after the end of September.
Indiana –Ruby-throats usually arrive in April. They are usually gone after the end of September.
Iowa — Ruby-throats usually arrive in late April or May. They are usually gone after the end of September.
Kansas — Ruby-throats usually arrive in April. They are usually gone after the end of September
Kentucky — Ruby-throats usually arrive in April. They are usually gone after the end of September
Louisiana — Ruby-throats usually arrive in early or mid-March. Most are are gone after mid-October. Southern Louisiana gets a number of western vagrants in the winter.
Maine — Ruby-throats arrive in May and leave in September.
Maryland — Ruby-throats arrive in April and usually leave in September.
Massachusetts — Ruby-throats arrive in May and leave by mid-September.
Michigan — Ruby-throats arrive in May and leave in September.
Minnesota — Ruby-throats arrive in May and leave in September.
Mississippi –Ruby-throats arrive in March and leave in October.
Missouri — Ruby-throats arrive in April and leave in September.
Montana — Calliope, Rufous and Black-chinned arrive in mid-to late-May; they are gone by early September.
Nebraska — Ruby-throats arrive in May (breeding only in the Eastern part of the state) and leave in September.
Nevada — Migrants usually start arriving in mid-March. Hummingbirds often leave about the middle of September.
New Hampshire — Ruby-throats arrive in May and leave in September.
New Jersey — Ruby-throats usually arrive in April–especially around April 19 through 23. They usually leave in late September.
New Mexico — Migrants usually arrive in late March or April. Hummingbirds usually depart in September or early October.
New York –Ruby-throats arrive in mid- to late-April and leave in late September.
North Carolina –Ruby-throats arrive in early April and leave in September or October.
North Dakota — Ruby-throats arrive in early June and leave my mid- or late August..
Ohio — Ruby-throats arrive in late April or early May and leave in September.
Oklahoma — Migrants usually arrive in April. They are usually depart in September or early October at the latest.
Oregon — Migrants usually arrive in late February or March and are usually last seen in fall in early September. Anna’s occurs year-round. Rufous, Calliope, and Black-chinned occur in migration.
Pennsylvania — Ruby-throats arrive in April and leave in late September or possibly early October.
Rhode Island — Ruby-throats arrive in April and leave in September.
South Carolina –Ruby-throats arrive in late March or early April ; they and leave in September or October.
South Dakota — Ruby-throats arrive in May and leave in September.
Tennessee– Ruby-throats arrive in April and usually leave in early October.
Texas — This is such a diverse state; it would be wise to consult your local Audubon society. In east Texas, Ruby-throats arrive in March and leave in October. In west Texas most migrants arrive in March and leave in September.
Buff-bellied Hummingbird — Breeds in Lower Rio Grande Valley, rare all along Texas coast in winter
Blue-throated Hummingbird — Breeds at Big Bend
Magnificent Hummingbird — Breeds at Big Bend
Lucifer Hummingbird — Breeds at Big Bend
Ruby-throated Hummingbird — breeds in the eastern half of Texas
Black-chinned Hummingbird — Breeds in the western half of Texas. Rare in winter on the coast
Rufous Hummingbird — Common in spring and fall in west Texas. Numerous records of birds wintering on the coast.
Anna’s Hummingbird — rare in fall in winter in far western Texas
Calliope Hummingbird — often seen in El Paso in August; in Big Bend in August and September
Broad-tailed Hummingbird — Breeds in mountains of west Texas
Green-breasted Mango — a few records for extreme southeastern Texas
Violet-crowned Hummingbird – has been recorded in El Paso
Green Violet Ear — a few scattered records in Texas
White-eared Hummingbird — a few records for far western Texas
Costa’s Hummingbird — has been recorded in El Paso
Berylline Hummingbird – has been seen in Big Bend Area
Allen’s Hummingbird – a few winter records from banders (cannot be safely identified unless held in hand)
Broad-billed Hummingbird — has been recorded at a variety of locations
Utah — Most migrants arrive in late April or May; most leave by mid or late September.
Vermont — Ruby-throats arrive in late April and leave in September.
Virginia — Ruby-throats arrive in April and leave in September.
Washington — Rufous Hummingbirds usually arrive in March and is usually last seen in fall in August. Anna’s are year-round residents. Calliope and Black-chinned occur in migration.
West Virginia — Ruby-throats arrive in April and leave in September or possibly October.
Wisconsin — Ruby-throats arrive in April or May and leave in September.
Wyoming — Migrants don’t usually arrive until May. They leave in August and September.
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Ruby-throated Hummingbird — Breeds from Central and Southern Alberta to Nova Scotia — Arrives in May or early June — Departs in August or early September
Rufous Hummingbird — Breeds in British Columbia and Southwestern Alberta –Arrives as early as March and departs in August
Black-chinned Hummingbird — Rare breeder in Southern interior British Columbia — Arrives in May and is gone by September
Calliope Hummingbird — Breeds in interior British Columbia and Southwestern Alberta — Arrives in May, departs in August
Anna’s Hummingbird — Rare year round in southern British Columbia