27 Common Hummingbird Species & Types

Hummingbirds showcase an incredible diversity of colors, sizes and adaptations. Their diminutive size belies an adventurous spirit, with many species undertaking incredible migrations and surviving extreme conditions. Hummingbirds primarily exist in the Americas, occupying habitats from Alaska to Chile. While specialized nectar feeders, they play an integral role as pollinators. This article explores 28 of the most widespread and familiar hummingbird species. From the Ruby-throated Hummingbird gracing Eastern gardens to the energetic Rufous dashing about Western wildflower meadows, be captivated by the beauty and behaviors of these smallest of birds.

1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Ruby Throated Hummingbird

The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is one of the most widespread and commonly seen hummingbirds in North America. Identifiable by its bright emerald green back, white breast and metallic red throat (gorget) on the males, this petite bird breeds across Eastern North America and migrates all the way to Central America for the winter. Ruby-throats are solitary, territorial birds that stake out feeding areas in gardens and woodland edges. They have an incredibly fast metabolism and need to consume nectar frequently throughout the day from flowers and feeders. Their wings beat up to 80 times per second! Though small, these feisty hummingbirds will aggressively defend their territory, even chasing away larger birds.

Ruby-throated hummingbirds build delicate cup-shaped nests out of soft plant down, spider webs and lichens. The female alone builds the nest and cares for the young. She lays 2 pea-sized white eggs and incubates them for 14-16 days. The chicks fledge in 18-22 days. Ruby-throats are resilient migrants that make the 500 mile journey across the Gulf of Mexico in one nonstop flight. Though widespread, they are declining slightly in number due to habitat loss and fewer natural food sources. Planting native nectar-producing flowers and providing clean feeders can help them thrive.

2. Anna’s Hummingbird

Annas Hummingbird

Anna’s Hummingbird is a medium-sized hummingbird named after a 19th century duchess. It is among the most common hummingbirds found along the Pacific Coast from southern British Columbia to Baja California. The male has an iridescent emerald green back and crown, grey underparts and a brilliant magenta throat. Females lack the iridescent colors and have grey-green underparts and white tips on the tail feathers.

One unique quality of Anna’s Hummingbird is its ability to withstand cold temperatures. It is the only hummingbird species commonly found through the winter in cooler climates as far north as Canada, surviving freezing nights by lowering its metabolic rate and entering a state of torpor. Anna’s hummingbirds feed on nectar, tree sap, and small insects. They use their slender pointed bills to pierce flowers at the base of the corolla. Favorite nectar sources are tubular flowers of the trumpet vine, coral honeysuckle and certain sages. The species was named after Anna Massena, Duchess of Rivoli.

3. Rufous Hummingbird

Rufous Hummingbird

The Rufous Hummingbird is one of the most widespread western hummingbirds known for its spectacular migratory journey. They breed farther north than any other hummingbird, nesting along the Pacific Northwest coast up through Alaska during summer months. As flowers fade and cold weather arrives, Rufous Hummingbirds embark on a 3,900 mile migration to Mexico – the longest migration of any hummingbird species relative to its size.

The males have a bright orange-red throat and may appear entirely reddish-orange in bright light. Females have green backs, white bellies and spotted throats. Rufous hummingbirds are extremely active and territorial. They chase off intruders and dive at threats while making a sharp tee-tee-tee vocalization. Though tiny, they will confront even the largest birds if encroached upon. A forest opening with wildflowers or a garden with nectar plants and feeders make ideal habitat for this migratory species.

4. Allen’s Hummingbird

Allens Hummingbird

The Allen’s Hummingbird is a small green hummingbird with an iridescent orange throat, rufous sides and tail feathers found along the Pacific Coast. The males are identified by their brilliant orange-red throat while females have green backs, grey-white undersides and rufous spotted tail feathers. Allen’s hummingbirds are migratory, breeding in coastal California and southern Oregon before migrating to Mexico for winter.

This species prefers semi-open areas near streams or meadows with scattered trees and bushes as well as parks and gardens. They build tiny meticulous cup nests and may reuse them year after year. Allen’s hummingbirds feed on nectar, tree sap, spiders and insects. They use a feeding technique called trap-lining, establishing favorite nectar sources and revisiting them periodically throughout the day. Though territorial, they may allow other hummingbird species to share their feeding area.

5. Calliope Hummingbird

Calliope Hummingbird

The Calliope Hummingbird is the smallest breeding bird in North America and one of the smallest in the world, weighing less than a nickel. Males have bright magenta throats, crowns and whisker streaks, a white breast band and greenish backs. Females lack iridescent throat patches and are more pinkish-white below with green backs.

This tiny hummingbird breeds in the mountains of western North America and winters in Mexico. Calliopes prefer open habitats with scattered shrubs and trees such as meadows and pine forests edge. They feed on nectar, tree sap, spiders and tiny insects which they glean from flowers and leaves. Their tiny size allows them to hover while feeding and extract nectar from flowers many other pollinators cannot access.

Calliope hummingbirds build tiny mossy nests in low branches, often overhanging streams. They lay only 2 tiny white eggs. The species name comes from the mythical muse Calliope, reflecting the male’s beautifully musical courtship display flights. Though one of the smallest birds in the world, they make an incredibly arduous migratory journey all the way to Mexico.

6. Broad-tailed Hummingbird

Broad Tailed Hummingbird

The Broad-tailed Hummingbird is a medium-sized hummingbird named for the male’s wide fan-shaped tail. It is common in mountain meadows and forests of the western United States. Adult males have a brilliant iridescent rose-pink throat patch, white chest band and body and a metallic green back. Females lack the bright throat patch and are more dingy white below with greenish backs and white-tipped tail feathers.

Broad-tailed hummingbirds breed at higher elevations and migrate short distances to Mexico for winter. They prefer open mountain habitats with wildflowers, ponderosa pines and aspens. This species can be attracted to gardens by planting tubular red flowers and providing sugar-water feeders. The broad tail of the male produces a loud trilling noise in flight that descends in pitch. The species often breeds near rushing streams.

7. Costa’s Hummingbird

Costas Hummingbird

Costa’s Hummingbird is a desert hummingbird named after its 19th century discoverer, French nobleman Louis Marie Pantaleón Costa. A small hummingbird with a very short bill, the male Costa’s has an iridescent violet crown and throat with a dark purplish flare behind the head. Females lack the bright colors and their underparts may be whitish to pale grey-brown. Costa’s hummingbirds are primarily found in the Sonoran and Mojave Deserts of southwestern USA and northern Mexico.

This desert-adapted species frequents dry washes, desert scrub and succulent filled gardens. They visit ocotillo, palo verde, barrel cactus, agave and chuparosa for nectar. Costa’s hummingbirds also include spiders, insects and tree sap in their diet. They build nests along dry branches providing shade but may nest close to human habitation. The species is named after ornithologist Louis Marie Pantaleón Costa who collected natural history specimens in California in the late 1800s.

8. Violet-crowned Hummingbird

Violet Crowned Hummingbird

The aptly named Violet-crowned Hummingbird has a gleaming violet crown that appears black until struck by direct sunlight. It is found along the Pacific Coast and in the mountain ranges of Mexico and Central America. Adult males are bright green above with a violet crown, white underparts and a red-orange bill. Females are dull white below with green backs and lack a colored crown.

Violet-crowned hummingbirds occupy canyons and foothills with sycamores, pines and agaves. They visit colorful tubular blossoms of shrubs and trees such as fuchsia, trumpet vine, coral bean and ocotillo to feed on nectar. They also hawk flying insects. This hummingbird’s tiny nest is made of downy plant fibers and often located near water on a tree branch. Though range limited in the USA, this species is common within its core habitat.

9. Black-chinned Hummingbird

Black Chinned Hummingbird

The Black-chinned Hummingbird is a small western hummingbird named for the dark, pencil-thin throat band on adult males. This purple-black chin stripe is bordered by an iridescent green throat patch and white below. Females lack the colored throat and are pale grey underneath with green backs.

This species breeds across western North America and migrates to Mexico for winter. Black-chinned hummingbirds prefer brushy areas, canyons and stream-sides as well as parks and gardens. They feed at the base of tubular flowers with their extendible tongues. Some favorite nectar sources are Indian paintbrush, penstemon, fuchsia and beebalm. Though diminutive, the males are highly territorial and make bold dive displays.

10. Lucifer Hummingbird

Lucifer Hummingbird

The Lucifer Hummingbird is a stunning species endemic to dry subtropical forested slopes in northern Mexico. Adult males are brilliant gold-green above with a violet-blue throat, purple crown and long curved bill. Females are greyish white underneath with green backs. The name “Lucifer” refers to their fiery brilliance.

This range-restricted hummingbird lives in oak and pine-oak woodlands near mountain streams and canyons. They visit colorful tubular flowers such as morning glory, agave, trumpet vine and honeysuckle. Lucifers build tiny cup nests along drooping branches. Part of their habitat coincides with the monarch butterfly’s wintering grounds in Mexico to which they time their migration. Lucifer Hummingbirds play an important role pollinating the forest understory.

11. Berylline Hummingbird

Berylline Hummingbird

The Berylline Hummingbird is an elegant hummingbird of Mexico and the Southwestern USA distinguished by its yellowish underparts. Adult males have a brilliant orange bill, iridescent green crown and nape, bold white eye stripes and grey underparts. Females have grey-green crowns, lack the bold face pattern and are more grayish below.

These hummingbirds breed in pine-oak forests and canyons of the southwest mountains and winter along Mexico’s Pacific coast. They prefer mountains and foothills with agaves, flowering shrubs and oak groves. Berylline hummingbirds probe flowers with their long decurved bills and visit hummingbird feeders as well. They build tiny cup nests in trees along forested streamsides. This species is declining due to loss of mountain habitat.

12. Buff-bellied Hummingbird

Buff Bellied Hummingbird

The Buff-bellied Hummingbird is one of the most common species in the pine and pine-oak forests of Mexico and Guatemala. As its name suggests, it has a striking buff or cinnamon colored underside. The males also have an iridescent turquoise-green throat patch while females have a speckled throat with some metallic feathers. Both sexes have a thin dark bill and notched tail.

Buff-bellied hummingbirds aggressively defend flowering trees and shrubs along forest edges, second-growth scrub and gardens. They get most of their nutrition from flower nectar but also eat small spiders and insects. Favorite nectar sources include century plants, jacobinias, and various Salvias. The species migrates only short elevational distances between breeding and wintering habitat. Loss of native forest habitat is resulting in some decline of buff-bellied hummingbird populations.

13. White-eared Hummingbird

White Eared Hummingbird

The White-eared Hummingbird is an emerald hummingbird with bold white ear tufts found in the pine-oak and fir forests of Mexico and Central America. Adult males are brilliant green above with a violet throat, blue-white ear tufts and black and red bill. Females are less colorful with whitish undersides, green backs, white-tipped tail feathers and lack ear tufts.

White-eared hummingbirds aggressively defend flowering trees and shrubs along the forest edge. They use their long needle-like bills to probe tubular flowers and extract nectar and insects. Some favorite food plants are century plants, Esperanza, and various Salvias and hummingbird bushes. The species migrates short elevational distances between montane tropical regions. Habitat loss is reducing its population.

14. Magnificent Hummingbird

Magnificent Hummingbird

The aptly named Magnificent Hummingbird is one of the largest and most striking hummingbirds in North America. Males are unmistakable with their iridescent rose-pink throat and crown, dark green back, and long tapered tail. Females are smaller and lack the bright pink gorget, instead having pale grey underparts and green backs.

Magnificent hummingbirds breed in mountain canyons and forests of the southwest United States and Mexico. In summer they are found in high elevation meadows and pine-oak forests abounding with flowers. Come winter they migrate to Mexico’s western coast. This large hummingbird has a bold, aggressive disposition. They fiercely defend flower clumps and feeders from intruders with fast chases and dive displays.

Magnificent hummingbirds have a swift direct flight and can reach speeds of up to 50 mph. Their wings beat 55 times per second! They feed on nectar from vibrant tubular flowers of shrubs, trees and cacti. Some favorites are red hot pokers, penstemons, pineapple sage and agaves. The musical metallic trills of the males can be heard during courtship displays. Though still common, habitat loss in their limited range is a concern for this spectacular hummingbird’s future.

15. White-eared Hummingbird

White Eared Hummingbird

White eared hummingbirds usually thrive in high tropical mountains. They rarely breed in the US. The average weight of the male white-eared is 3.6 g, while that of the female is 3.2 g.

The adult male white-eared hummingbird has an emerald green back and breast, a purplish crown, blue-green chin, whitish ear stripe, and a red bill with a black tip. On the other hand, its female counterpart has a green back and crown, white breast and sides with streaks of green, and a characteristic white ear stripe. Its bill has a reddish colour that comes with a black tip, just like the male.

16. Xantus’ Hummingbird

Xantus Hummingbird

The Xantus’s Hummingbird is a small western hummingbird named after Hungarian zoologist John Xantus who first collected it in Mexico. Males have a brilliant iridescent purple-green throat and crown, white breast band, and green flanks. Females lack the bright throat patch and are more grayish-white underneath with green backs.

This species breeds in the arid scrublands of the Baja California Peninsula and winters on the mainland of Mexico. It inhabits dry washes, desert scrub and oases with agaves, ocotillos, and other flowering desert plants. Xantus’s hummingbirds have a quick, chipping call. They feed on nectar from colorful tubular blossoms and flowering cacti. Some favorite plants include Fairy Duster, Desert Lavender, and Chuparosa.

Xantus’s hummingbirds build tiny delicate nests in the branches of desert trees and shrubs. Like other desert hummingbirds, they are specially adapted to thrive in hot, arid environments. They defend feeding territories around flowering plants. This species is currently declining due to habitat loss and drought. Planting native flowering plants can help provide food sources for these desert-loving hummingbirds.

17. Long-billed Starthroat

The Long-billed Starthroat is a large hummingbird with a very long straight bill found from Mexico to Costa Rica. It prefers lower mountain slopes, open woodland, second growth scrub and gardens. Adult males have a violet throat bordered by irridescent blue ear patches, a straight bill and plain crown. Females lack the bright throat patch and are more olive green above.

As its name indicates, the Long-billed Starthroat has an exceptionally long bill adapted for drinking nectar from long tubular flowers. Some favorites in their habitat includeCalliandra, Pithecoctenium and various orchids. The male displays by flying in loops up to 130 feet in the air while singing a sharp staccato “chip” call. Though still common, habitat loss could impact this species.

18. Plain-capped Starthroat

The Plain-capped Starthroat is a medium-sized hummingbird with a distinctive shape found from Mexico to Costa Rica. Its long straight bill and long wings give it a very streamlined silhouette. Males have a glittering violet-blue throat patch and crown, white breast and a plain cap. Females lack the colorful throat patch. This species prefers tropical deciduous forest, forest edges, second growth scrub and gardens.

Plain-capped starthroats mainly feed on nectar taken from flowers such as firecracker plant, coral vine and various wild Salvias. They also occasionally eat small insects. The species produces a sharp “chip” call when defending its territory. Plain-capped starthroats build tiny cup nests on twigs overhanging streams. Currently they are still common within their range but habitat loss could pose a threat in the future.

19. White-bellied Emerald

The White-bellied Emerald is a striking green hummingbird with a bright red bill and loud whistling display. Native to humid tropical forests in Central America and northern South America, this species prefers forest edges, second growth scrub, parks and gardens. The long bright red bill of the male is used to produce a whistling “peeeoo” display. Females have shorter all-black bills. Both sexes have brilliant green upperparts and white underparts that appear grey-tailed in poor light.

White-bellied emeralds sip nectar through their long bills from flowers such asHeliconia, ginger plants and flowering brush. They build tiny lichen-covered nests near streams. Though still common, habitat loss in some areas poses a threat. The species occurs locally in lowland areas of the Neotropics, ranging from Mexico to Amazonian Brazil and Peru.

20. Green-breasted Mango

The Green-breasted Mango is an exotic looking hummingbird with a bright purple crown and glossy green undersides. The males have an iridescent purple head and throat, black masked face and a deeply forked purple-black tail. Females are similar but less colorful. This species is found in tropical regions of Mexico, Central and South America in forest edges and second growth.

Green-breasted mangos use their specialized long bills to drink from flowers with deep corollas like Heliconia. They also take nectar from brush flowers and visit banana feeders. Their feeding territories are aggressively defended. Pairs perform dramatic courtship flights together. The species is common but threatened by habitat loss. Its striking beauty makes it one of the most popular hummingbird species in captivity.

21. Amethyst-throated Hummingbird

The Amethyst-throated Hummingbird is a tiny jewel-colored hummingbird restricted to the forests of Costa Rica and western Panama. Males have a glittering amethyst-purple throat and crown, black auriculars and an iridescent green back. Females are greener with white underparts. This endangered species is threatened by habitat loss and capture for the pet trade.

Amethyst-throated hummingbirds inhabit the canopy of mature lowland rainforests and dense second growth. They feed on nectar from small flowers of epiphytes and trees within the forest, not coming regularly to ground level. Remaining populations are now found mainly in protected areas. However, some illegal trapping for the pet trade still occurs. Overall numbers continue to decline.

22. Bahama Woodstar

The Bahama Woodstar is a tiny hummingbird only found in the Bahama Islands. At just 2.5 inches long, it is the smallest breeding bird in the Bahamas. Males have a long straight bill, iridescent violet-blue crown and throat, short forked tail and white below. Females are duller with white-tipped outer tail feathers. This species inhabits pine and coppice woodlands, gardens and mangroves on the islands.

Bahama woodstars primarily feed on nectar from small tubular flowers of trees, shrubs and herbs. They use their specialized long bills to access the nectar. Some favorite plants include Firebush, Turk’s Cap Cactus and Brazilian Pepper. They also drink from nectar feeders. These tiny hummingbirds are territorial and aggressively chase intruders while making a high-pitched twittering noise. The Bahama Woodstar is considered endangered due to habitat loss from development and storms.

23. Sapphire-spangled Emerald

The Sapphire-spangled Emerald is a stunning blue and green hummingbird found along the Carribean coasts of Central America. Males are bright turquoise blue above and white below with blue-tipped tail feathers. Females are duller green with white tips on the tail feathers. This species inhabits coastal scrublands, edge of mangrove forests and gardens.

Sapphire-spangled emeralds feed on nectar from flowers of trees, shrubs and vines. They use brush-tipped tubular flowers and also visit feeders. Some favorite natural sources are Firecracker plant, Coral Vine and Angel’s Trumpet. The brilliant plumage of the male produces a beautiful sapphire and emerald flash in flight. This species has a very small global range and is threatened by habitat loss from tourism development.

24. Bahama Woodstar

The Bahama Woodstar is a tiny hummingbird only found in the Bahama Islands. At just 2.5 inches long, it is the smallest breeding bird in the Bahamas. Males have a long straight bill, iridescent violet-blue crown and throat, short forked tail and white below. Females are duller with white-tipped outer tail feathers. This species inhabits pine and coppice woodlands, gardens and mangroves on the islands.

Bahama woodstars primarily feed on nectar from small tubular flowers of trees, shrubs and herbs. They use their specialized long bills to access the nectar. Some favorite plants include Firebush, Turk’s Cap Cactus and Brazilian Pepper. They also drink from nectar feeders. These tiny hummingbirds are territorial and aggressively chase intruders while making a high-pitched twittering noise. The Bahama Woodstar is considered endangered due to habitat loss from development and storms.

25. Green Violet-ear

The Green Violet-ear is an elegant green hummingbird with violet ear patches found from Mexico to Panama. Adult males are bright green with a blue-violet ear patch and glittering blue-violet throat. Females are duller green with grey underparts. This species inhabits tropical lowland rainforests, forest edges and adjacent gardens.

Green violet-ears prefer to feed high in the forest canopy on nectar from epiphyte flowers and gems. They only occasionally come to lower flowers such as heliconias. Their technique of clinging vertically to flower clusters sets them apart from other hummingbirds. This species makes seasonal elevational migrations following flower blooms. It is currently threatened by deforestation.

26. Long-billed Hermit

The Long-billed Hermit is the only hummingbird with a long slightly upturned bill adapted for collecting nectar from long narrow flowers. This chunky green hermit occurs in tropical forests from Mexico to Bolivia. Males of this species are velvety green above with a blue-violet patch below the eye. Females are duller green with buffy underparts.

The Long-billed Hermit uses its specialized beak to access nectar from specialized flowers with long corollas such as passionflowers and leret flowers. Their feet have strongly curved claws that allow them to cling vertically to flowers while feeding. They live alone in dark forest understory and subcanopy. Destruction of rainforest habitat threatens this species.

27. Saw-billed Hermit

The Saw-billed Hermit is a rare Central American hummingbird named for its unique serrated bill tip. This chunky green hermit has a brilliant red-orange bill in males and a strongly hooked black bill in females. It inhabits subtropical evergreen forest and oak groves in the mountains of Costa Rica and Panama.

The saw-billed hermit uses its specialized bill to open up the base of long tubed flowers and access the nectar inside. Heliconias and angel’s trumpets are among their favorites. They also take small insects. Little is known about this rare species’ habits and breeding. Loss of mountain forest habitat is reducing its limited range. The saw-billed hermit population is believed to be decreasing but the species has been designated as Near Threatened.

Full List of Hummingbird Breeds, Types & Species

Common name Binomial name
Allen’s hummingbird Selasphorus sasin
Amazilia hummingbird Amazilis amazilia
Amethyst woodstar Calliphlox amethystina
Amethyst-throated mountaingem Lampornis amethystinus
Amethyst-throated sunangel Heliangelus amethysticollis
Andean emerald Uranomitra franciae
Andean hillstar Oreotrochilus estella
Anna’s hummingbird Calypte anna
Antillean crested hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus
Azure-crowned hummingbird Saucerottia cyanocephala
Bahama woodstar Nesophlox evelynae
Band-tailed barbthroat Threnetes ruckeri
Bearded mountaineer Oreonympha nobilis
Beautiful sheartail Calothorax pulcher
Bee hummingbird Mellisuga helenae
Berylline hummingbird Saucerottia beryllina
Black inca Coeligena prunellei
Black jacobin Florisuga fusca
Black metaltail Metallura phoebe
Black-backed thornbill Ramphomicron dorsale
Black-bellied hummingbird Eupherusa nigriventris
Black-bellied thorntail Discosura langsdorffi
Black-billed streamertail Trochilus scitulus
Black-breasted hillstar Oreotrochilus melanogaster
Black-breasted puffleg Eriocnemis nigrivestis
Black-chinned hummingbird Archilochus alexandri
Black-crested coquette Lophornis helenae
Black-eared fairy Heliothryx auritus
Black-hooded sunbeam Aglaeactis pamela
Black-tailed trainbearer Lesbia victoriae
Black-thighed puffleg Eriocnemis derbyi
Black-throated brilliant Heliodoxa schreibersii
Black-throated hermit Phaethornis atrimentalis
Black-throated mango Anthracothorax nigricollis
Blue-bearded helmetcrest Oxypogon cyanolaemus
Blue-capped puffleg Eriocnemis glaucopoides
Blue-chested hummingbird Polyerata amabilis
Blue-chinned sapphire Chlorestes notata
Blue-fronted lancebill Doryfera johannae
Blue-headed hummingbird Riccordia bicolor
Blue-headed sapphire Chrysuronia grayi
Blue-mantled thornbill Chalcostigma stanleyi
Blue-tailed emerald Chlorostilbon mellisugus
Blue-tailed hummingbird Saucerottia cyanura
Blue-throated hillstar Oreotrochilus cyanolaemus
Blue-throated mountaingem Lampornis clemenciae
Blue-throated sapphire Chlorestes eliciae
Blue-throated starfrontlet Coeligena helianthea
Blue-tufted starthroat Heliomaster furcifer
Blue-vented hummingbird Saucerottia hoffmanni
Brace’s emerald Riccordia bracei
Brazilian Ruby Heliodoxa rubricauda
Broad-billed hummingbird Cynanthus latirostris
Broad-tailed hummingbird Selasphorus platycercus
Broad-tipped hermit Anopetia gounellei
Bronze-tailed comet Polyonymus caroli
Bronze-tailed plumeleteer Chalybura urochrysia
Bronze-tailed thornbill Chalcostigma heteropogon
Bronzy hermit Glaucis aeneus
Bronzy inca Coeligena coeligena
Brown inca Coeligena wilsoni
Brown violetear Colibri delphinae
Buff-bellied hermit Phaethornis subochraceus
Buff-bellied hummingbird Amazilia yucatanensis
Buff-breasted sabrewing Campylopterus duidae
Buff-tailed coronet Boissonneaua flavescens
Buff-tailed sicklebill Eutoxeres condamini
Buff-thighed puffleg Haplophaedia assimilis
Buff-winged starfrontlet Coeligena lutetiae
Buffy helmetcrest Oxypogon stuebelii
Buffy hummingbird Leucippus fallax
Bumblebee hummingbird Selasphorus heloisa
Butterfly coquette Lophornis verreauxii
Calliope hummingbird Selasphorus calliope
Canivet’s emerald Cynanthus canivetii
Charming hummingbird Polyerata decora
Chestnut-bellied hummingbird Saucerottia castaneiventris
Chestnut-breasted coronet Boissonneaua matthewsii
Chilean woodstar Eulidia yarrellii
Chiribiquete emerald Chlorostilbon olivaresi
Cinnamon hummingbird Amazilia rutila
Cinnamon-sided hummingbird Ramosomyia wagneri
Cinnamon-throated hermit Phaethornis nattereri
Collared inca Coeligena torquata
Colorful puffleg Eriocnemis mirabilis
Copper-rumped hummingbird Saucerottia tobaci
Copper-tailed hummingbird Saucerottia cupreicauda
Coppery emerald Chlorostilbon russatus
Coppery metaltail Metallura theresiae
Coppery-bellied puffleg Eriocnemis cupreoventris
Coppery-headed emerald Microchera cupreiceps
Costa’s hummingbird Calypte costae
Cozumel emerald Cynanthus forficatus
Crimson topaz Topaza pella
Crowned woodnymph Thalurania colombica
Cuban emerald Riccordia ricordii
Curve-winged sabrewing Pampa curvipennis
Diamantina sabrewing Campylopterus diamantinensis
Dot-eared coquette Lophornis gouldii
Dusky hummingbird Phaeoptila sordida
Dusky starfrontlet Coeligena orina
Dusky-throated hermit Phaethornis squalidus
Ecuadorian hillstar Oreotrochilus chimborazo
Ecuadorian piedtail Phlogophilus hemileucurus
Emerald-bellied puffleg Eriocnemis aline
Emerald-chinned hummingbird Abeillia abeillei
Empress brilliant Heliodoxa imperatrix
Esmeraldas woodstar Chaetocercus berlepschi
Fawn-breasted brilliant Heliodoxa rubinoides
Festive coquette Lophornis chalybeus
Fiery topaz Topaza pyra
Fiery-tailed awlbill Avocettula recurvirostris
Fiery-throated hummingbird Panterpe insignis
Fiery-throated metaltail Metallura eupogon
Flame-throated sunangel Heliangelus micraster
Fork-tailed woodnymph Thalurania furcata
Frilled coquette Lophornis magnificus
Garden emerald Chlorostilbon assimilis
Garnet-throated hummingbird Lamprolaima rhami
Geoffroy’s daggerbill Schistes geoffroyi
Giant hummingbird Patagona gigas
Gilded sapphire Hylocharis chrysura
Glittering-bellied emerald Chlorostilbon lucidus
Glittering-throated emerald Chionomesa fimbriata
Glowing puffleg Eriocnemis vestita
Glow-throated hummingbird Selasphorus ardens
Golden-bellied starfrontlet Coeligena bonapartei
Golden-breasted puffleg Eriocnemis mosquera
Golden-crowned emerald Cynanthus auriceps
Golden-tailed sapphire Chrysuronia oenone
Golden-tailed starfrontlet Coeligena eos
Gorgeted puffleg Eriocnemis isabellae
Gorgeted sunangel Heliangelus strophianus
Gorgeted woodstar Chaetocercus heliodor
Gould’s inca Coeligena inca
Gould’s jewelfront Heliodoxa aurescens
Great sapphirewing Pterophanes cyanopterus
Great-billed hermit Phaethornis malaris
Green hermit Phaethornis guy
Green inca Coeligena conradii
Green mango Anthracothorax viridis
Green thorntail Discosura conversii
Green-and-white hummingbird Elliotomyia viridicauda
Green-backed firecrown Sephanoides sephaniodes
Green-backed hillstar Urochroa leucura
Green-bearded helmetcrest Oxypogon guerinii
Green-bellied hummingbird Saucerottia viridigaster
Green-breasted mango Anthracothorax prevostii
Green-breasted mountaingem Lampornis sybillae
Green-crowned brilliant Heliodoxa jacula
Green-crowned plovercrest Stephanoxis lalandi
Green-fronted hummingbird Ramosomyia viridifrons
Green-fronted lancebill Doryfera ludovicae
Green-headed hillstar Oreotrochilus stolzmanni
Greenish puffleg Haplophaedia aureliae
Green-tailed emerald Chlorostilbon alice
Green-tailed goldenthroat Polytmus theresiae
Green-tailed trainbearer Lesbia nuna
Green-throated carib Eulampis holosericeus
Green-throated mango Anthracothorax viridigula
Green-throated mountaingem Lampornis viridipallens
Grey-bellied comet Taphrolesbia griseiventris
Grey-breasted sabrewing Campylopterus largipennis
Grey-chinned hermit Phaethornis griseogularis
Grey-tailed mountaingem Lampornis cinereicauda
Hispaniolan emerald Riccordia swainsonii
Hispaniolan mango Anthracothorax dominicus
Hoary puffleg Haplophaedia lugens
Honduran emerald Amazilia luciae
Hooded visorbearer Augastes lumachella
Hook-billed hermit Glaucis dohrnii
Horned sungem Heliactin bilophus
Humboldt’s sapphire Chrysuronia humboldtii
Hyacinth visorbearer Augastes scutatus
Inagua woodstar Nesophlox lyrura
Indigo-capped hummingbird Saucerottia cyanifrons
Jamaican mango Anthracothorax mango
Juan Fernandez firecrown Sephanoides fernandensis
Koepcke’s hermit Phaethornis koepckeae
Lazuline sabrewing Campylopterus falcatus
Lesser violetear Colibri cyanotus
Letitia’s thorntail Discosura letitiae
Little hermit Phaethornis longuemareus
Little woodstar Chaetocercus bombus
Long-billed hermit Phaethornis longirostris
Long-billed starthroat Heliomaster longirostris
Long-tailed hermit Phaethornis superciliosus
Long-tailed sylph Aglaiocercus kingii
Long-tailed woodnymph Thalurania watertonii
Longuemare’s sunangel Heliangelus clarisse
Lucifer sheartail Calothorax lucifer
Magenta-throated woodstar Philodice bryantae
Mangrove hummingbird Amazilia boucardi
Many-spotted hummingbird Taphrospilus hypostictus
Marvelous spatuletail Loddigesia mirabilis
Merida sunangel Heliangelus spencei
Mexican hermit Phaethornis mexicanus
Mexican sheartail Doricha eliza
Mexican violetear Colibri thalassinus
Mexican woodnymph Eupherusa ridgwayi
Minute hermit Phaethornis idaliae
Mountain avocetbill Opisthoprora euryptera
Mountain velvetbreast Lafresnaya lafresnayi
Napo sabrewing Campylopterus villaviscensio
Narrow-tailed emerald Chlorostilbon stenurus
Neblina metaltail Metallura odomae
Needle-billed hermit Phaethornis philippii
Oasis hummingbird Rhodopis vesper
Oaxaca hummingbird Eupherusa cyanophrys
Olivaceous thornbill Chalcostigma olivaceum
Olive-spotted hummingbird Talaphorus chlorocercus
Orange-throated sunangel Heliangelus mavors
Outcrop sabrewing Campylopterus calcirupicola
Pale-bellied hermit Phaethornis anthophilus
Pale-tailed barbthroat Threnetes leucurus
Peacock coquette Lophornis pavoninus
Perija metaltail Metallura iracunda
Perija starfrontlet Coeligena consita
Peruvian piedtail Phlogophilus harterti
Peruvian racket-tail Ocreatus peruanus
Peruvian sheartail Thaumastura cora
Pink-throated brilliant Heliodoxa gularis
Pirre hummingbird Goldmania bella
Plain-bellied emerald Chrysuronia leucogaster
Plain-capped starthroat Heliomaster constantii
Planalto hermit Phaethornis pretrei
Puerto Rican emerald Riccordia maugaeus
Puerto Rican mango Anthracothorax aurulentus
Purple-backed sunbeam Aglaeactis aliciae
Purple-backed thornbill Ramphomicron microrhynchum
Purple-bibbed whitetip Urosticte benjamini
Purple-chested hummingbird Polyerata rosenbergi
Purple-collared woodstar Myrtis fanny
Purple-crowned fairy Heliothryx barroti
Purple-crowned plovercrest Stephanoxis loddigesii
Purple-throated carib Eulampis jugularis
Purple-throated mountaingem Lampornis calolaemus
Purple-throated sunangel Heliangelus viola
Purple-throated woodstar Philodice mitchellii
Racket-tailed coquette Discosura longicaudus
Rainbow starfrontlet Coeligena iris
Rainbow-bearded thornbill Chalcostigma herrani
Red-billed emerald Chlorostilbon gibsoni
Red-billed streamertail Trochilus polytmus
Reddish hermit Phaethornis ruber
Red-tailed comet Sappho sparganurus
Rivoli’s hummingbird Eugenes fulgens
Royal sunangel Heliangelus regalis
Ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris
Ruby-topaz hummingbird Chrysolampis mosquitus
Rufous hummingbird Selasphorus rufus
Rufous sabrewing Pampa rufa
Rufous-booted racket-tail Ocreatus addae
Rufous-breasted hermit Glaucis hirsutus
Rufous-breasted sabrewing Campylopterus hyperythrus
Rufous-capped thornbill Chalcostigma ruficeps
Rufous-crested coquette Lophornis delattrei
Rufous-gaped hillstar Urochroa bougueri
Rufous-shafted woodstar Chaetocercus jourdanii
Rufous-tailed hummingbird Amazilia tzacatl
Rufous-throated sapphire Hylocharis sapphirina
Rufous-vented whitetip Urosticte ruficrissa
Rufous-webbed brilliant Heliodoxa branickii
Santa Marta blossomcrown Anthocephala floriceps
Santa Marta sabrewing Campylopterus phainopeplus
Santa Marta woodstar Chaetocercus astreans
Sapphire-bellied hummingbird Chrysuronia lilliae
Sapphire-spangled emerald Chionomesa lactea
Sapphire-throated hummingbird Chrysuronia coeruleogularis
Sapphire-vented puffleg Eriocnemis luciani
Saw-billed hermit Ramphodon naevius
Scaled metaltail Metallura aeneocauda
Scale-throated hermit Phaethornis eurynome
Scaly-breasted hummingbird Phaeochroa cuvierii
Scintillant hummingbird Selasphorus scintilla
Scissor-tailed hummingbird Hylonympha macrocerca
Shining sunbeam Aglaeactis cupripennis
Shining-green hummingbird Chrysuronia goudoti
Short-crested coquette Lophornis brachylophus
Short-tailed emerald Chlorostilbon poortmani
Short-tailed woodstar Myrmia micrura
Slender sheartail Doricha enicura
Slender-tailed woodstar Microstilbon burmeisteri
Snowcap Microchera albocoronata
Snowy-bellied hummingbird Saucerottia edward
Sombre hummingbird Eupetomena cirrochloris
Sooty barbthroat Threnetes niger
Sooty-capped hermit Phaethornis augusti
Spangled coquette Lophornis stictolophus
Sparkling violetear Colibri coruscans
Sparkling-tailed woodstar Tilmatura dupontii
Speckled hummingbird Adelomyia melanogenys
Spot-throated hummingbird Thaumasius taczanowskii
Steely-vented hummingbird Saucerottia saucerottei
Straight-billed hermit Phaethornis bourcieri
Streak-throated hermit Phaethornis rupurumii
Stripe-breasted starthroat Heliomaster squamosus
Stripe-tailed hummingbird Eupherusa eximia
Stripe-throated hermit Phaethornis striigularis
Swallow-tailed hummingbird Eupetomena macroura
Sword-billed hummingbird Ensifera ensifera
Talamanca hummingbird Eugenes spectabilis
Tapajos hermit Phaethornis aethopygus
Tawny-bellied hermit Phaethornis syrmatophorus
Tepui goldenthroat Polytmus milleri
Tolima blossomcrown Anthocephala berlepschi
Tooth-billed hummingbird Androdon aequatorialis
Tourmaline sunangel Heliangelus exortis
Tres Marias hummingbird Cynanthus lawrencei
Tufted coquette Lophornis ornatus
Tumbes hummingbird Thaumasius baeri
Turquoise-crowned hummingbird Cynanthus doubledayi
Turquoise-throated puffleg Eriocnemis godini
Tyrian metaltail Metallura tyrianthina
Velvet-browed brilliant Heliodoxa xanthogonys
Velvet-purple coronet Boissonneaua jardini
Venezuelan sylph Aglaiocercus berlepschi
Veraguan mango Anthracothorax veraguensis
Versicolored emerald Chrysuronia versicolor
Vervain hummingbird Mellisuga minima
Violet sabrewing Campylopterus hemileucurus
Violet-bellied hummingbird Chlorestes julie
Violet-capped hummingbird Goldmania violiceps
Violet-capped woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis
Violet-chested hummingbird Sternoclyta cyanopectus
Violet-crowned hummingbird Ramosomyia violiceps
Violet-fronted brilliant Heliodoxa leadbeateri
Violet-headed hummingbird Klais guimeti
Violet-tailed sylph Aglaiocercus coelestis
Violet-throated metaltail Metallura baroni
Violet-throated starfrontlet Coeligena violifer
Viridian metaltail Metallura williami
Volcano hummingbird Selasphorus flammula
Wedge-tailed hillstar Oreotrochilus adela
Wedge-tailed sabrewing Pampa pampa
Western emerald Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus
White-bearded helmetcrest Oxypogon lindenii
White-bearded hermit Phaethornis hispidus
White-bellied emerald Chlorestes candida
White-bellied hummingbird Elliotomyia chionogaster
White-bellied mountaingem Lampornis hemileucus
White-bellied woodstar Chaetocercus mulsant
White-booted racket-tail Ocreatus underwoodii
White-browed hermit Phaethornis stuarti
White-chested emerald Chrysuronia brevirostris
White-chinned sapphire Chlorestes cyanus
White-crested coquette Lophornis adorabilis
White-eared hummingbird Basilinna leucotis
White-necked jacobin Florisuga mellivora
White-sided hillstar Oreotrochilus leucopleurus
White-tailed emerald Microchera chionura
White-tailed goldenthroat Polytmus guainumbi
White-tailed hummingbird Eupherusa poliocerca
White-tailed sabrewing Campylopterus ensipennis
White-tailed starfrontlet Coeligena phalerata
White-throated daggerbill Schistes albogularis
White-throated hummingbird Leucochloris albicollis
White-throated mountaingem Lampornis castaneoventris
White-tipped sicklebill Eutoxeres aquila
White-tufted sunbeam Aglaeactis castelnaudii
White-vented plumeleteer Chalybura buffonii
White-vented violetear Colibri serrirostris
White-whiskered hermit Phaethornis yaruqui
Wine-throated hummingbird Selasphorus ellioti
Wire-crested thorntail Discosura popelairii
Xantus’s hummingbird Basilinna xantusii