Birds of Alabama

In “Birds of Alabama,” readers will find a comprehensive guide to the common birds, reptiles/amphibians, mammals, insects/arachnids, and plants that inhabit the diverse landscape of Alabama. With detailed identification guides, readers can learn about the different species that call this state home, from the majestic eagles and hawks to the delicate hummingbirds and butterflies. Whether you’re a nature enthusiast or simply curious about the wildlife in Alabama, this article provides an opportunity to expand your knowledge and appreciation for the natural beauty that surrounds us. So, grab your binoculars and get ready to explore the fascinating world of Alabama’s avian and animal inhabitants.

Types of BIRDS in Alabama

Birds of Alabama

The MOST Common BACKYARD Birds (24)

Alabama is home to a diverse range of bird species, and many of them can be spotted right in your own backyard. Some of the most common backyard birds in Alabama include cardinals, blue jays, robins, and sparrows. These birds are known for their vibrant colors and melodic songs, making them a delightful addition to any backyard birdwatching experience.

Doves and Pigeons (5)

Doves and pigeons are a common sight in Alabama, with five different species in the state. The most well-known of these is the mourning dove, which can be recognized by its soft cooing sound and elegant gray plumage. Other doves and pigeons found in Alabama include the Eurasian collared-dove, rock pigeon, white-winged dove, and Inca dove.

Ducks (19)

Alabama’s wetlands and rivers provide a habitat for a wide variety of duck species. From the mighty mallard to the colorful wood duck, these water-loving birds can be found in lakes, ponds, and marshes throughout the state. Other duck species commonly seen in Alabama include the northern shoveler, blue-winged teal, and green-winged teal.

Eagles (2)

The bald eagle, a symbol of strength and majesty, is one of two eagle species that can be found in Alabama. These magnificent birds can often be spotted near bodies of water, where they hunt for fish and other prey. The other eagle species found in Alabama is the golden eagle, a rarer sight but equally awe-inspiring.

Falcons (3)

Falcons are known for their speed and agility, and three species of falcons can be found in Alabama. The peregrine falcon, with its distinctive black “sideburns” and powerful dive, is the fastest bird in the world. Other falcon species found in Alabama include the American kestrel, a small but fierce hunter, and the merlin, a bird known for its impressive hunting skills.

Finches (8)

Finches are small, colorful birds that are known for their melodious songs. Alabama is home to eight species of finches, including the American goldfinch, purple finch, and house finch. These birds can often be seen perched on tree branches or visiting backyard feeders, adding a splash of color to the landscape.

Geese and Swans (7)

Alabama’s lakes and marshes are a popular stopover for migrating geese and swans. These graceful birds can often be seen flying in V-shaped formations or swimming in groups on the water. The most common goose species in Alabama is the Canada goose, while the trumpeter swan and tundra swan are among the swan species that can be spotted in the state.

Gulls (11)

Gulls are a common sight along Alabama’s coastlines and lakeshores. These birds are known for their scavenging behavior and distinctive calls. The most common gull species in Alabama is the ring-billed gull, which can often be seen soaring over beaches and fishing piers. Other gull species found in Alabama include the herring gull, laughing gull, and Bonaparte’s gull.

Hawks (6)

Hawks are birds of prey known for their keen eyesight and impressive hunting skills. Alabama is home to six species of hawks, including the red-tailed hawk, Cooper’s hawk, and sharp-shinned hawk. These birds can often be seen perched on tree branches, scanning the ground for prey, or soaring high in the sky.

Herons and Egrets (11)

Herons and egrets are elegant wading birds that can be found in Alabama’s wetlands and marshes. These birds are known for their long legs and necks, which allow them to search for fish and other aquatic prey in shallow water. Some of the heron and egret species commonly seen in Alabama include the great blue heron, great egret, and snowy egret.

Hummingbirds (2)

Hummingbirds are tiny, iridescent birds known for their rapid wingbeats and ability to hover in mid-air. Alabama is home to two species of hummingbirds: the ruby-throated hummingbird and the black-chinned hummingbird. These birds are a delight to watch as they visit backyard feeders, sipping nectar with their long, slender beaks.

Orioles (2)

Orioles are beautiful songbirds that can be found in Alabama during the summer months. The most common species in the state is the orchard oriole, which has a bright orange plumage and a melodious song. The Baltimore oriole is a rarer sight in Alabama, but can occasionally be spotted in the northern parts of the state.

Owls (5)

Owls are nocturnal birds of prey known for their silent flight and haunting calls. Alabama is home to five species of owls, including the great horned owl, barred owl, and eastern screech-owl. These birds can be observed during the night as they hunt for small mammals and insects in Alabama’s forests and woodlands.

Shorebirds (18)

Shorebirds are a diverse group of birds that can be found in Alabama’s coastal areas and wetlands. These birds are known for their long legs and bills, which allow them to search for food in the shallow waters. Some of the shorebird species commonly seen in Alabama include the black-bellied plover, willet, and sanderling.

Birds of Alabama

Sparrows (24)

Sparrows are small, social birds that can be found in a variety of habitats across Alabama. These birds are known for their distinctive songs and intricate patterns on their plumage. Some of the sparrow species commonly seen in Alabama include the field sparrow, song sparrow, and white-throated sparrow.

Vultures (2)

Vultures are large birds of prey that play an important role in Alabama’s ecosystem as scavengers. The two vulture species found in Alabama are the turkey vulture and the black vulture. These birds can often be seen soaring high in the sky, using their keen eyesight to search for carrion.

Warblers (36)

Warblers are small, colorful birds known for their vibrant plumage and intricate songs. Alabama is a popular stopover for migrating warblers, and the state is home to 36 species of these beautiful birds. Some of the warbler species commonly seen in Alabama include the yellow warbler, black-throated green warbler, and hooded warbler.

Water Birds (26)

Water birds are a diverse group of birds that can be found in Alabama’s lakes, rivers, and wetlands. These birds are adapted to their aquatic habitats and are known for their webbed feet and waterproof feathers. Some of the water bird species commonly seen in Alabama include the pied-billed grebe, American coot, and double-crested cormorant.

Woodpeckers (8)

Woodpeckers are unique birds known for their ability to drum on trees and excavate nests in wood. Alabama is home to eight species of woodpeckers, including the northern flicker, red-bellied woodpecker, and pileated woodpecker. These birds can often be seen foraging for insects on tree trunks or tapping out their distinctive rhythms.

Wrens (5)

Wrens are small, energetic birds known for their beautiful songs and lively personalities. Alabama is home to five species of wrens, including the Carolina wren, house wren, and winter wren. These birds can often be heard singing their melodious tunes from the underbrush, adding a musical touch to Alabama’s forests and gardens.

Types of REPTILES/AMPHIBIANS in Alabama

Snakes (32)

Alabama is home to a diverse range of snake species, with 32 different species inhabiting the state. These reptiles play an important role in Alabama’s ecosystem as both predators and prey. Some of the snake species commonly found in Alabama include the eastern diamondback rattlesnake, Eastern coral snake, and eastern garter snake.

Birds of Alabama

Turtles (30)

Turtles are a common sight in Alabama’s lakes, rivers, and wetlands. These reptiles have a distinctive appearance, with their hard shells and webbed feet. Alabama is home to 30 species of turtles, including the common snapping turtle, Eastern box turtle, and Alabama red-bellied turtle.

Sea Turtles (5)

Alabama’s Gulf Coast is an important nesting area for sea turtles. These magnificent creatures make an epic journey from nesting beaches to the open ocean and back again. Five species of sea turtles can be found in Alabama’s waters, including the loggerhead sea turtle, Kemp’s ridley sea turtle, and green sea turtle.

Lizards (14)

Lizards are common reptiles that can be found in Alabama’s forests, fields, and backyards. These agile creatures are known for their ability to crawl, climb, and even change color. Alabama is home to 14 species of lizards, including the green anole, five-lined skinks, and broadhead skinks.

Frogs (17)

Frogs are amphibians known for their ability to leap and swim. These creatures can be found in Alabama’s lakes, ponds, and wetlands, where they lay their eggs and go through various stages of metamorphosis. Some of the frog species commonly seen in Alabama include the green tree frog, bullfrog, and pickerel frog.

Toads (6)

Toads are a type of amphibian that can be found in a variety of habitats across Alabama. These creatures have dry, warty skin and are well adapted to life on land. Alabama is home to six species of toads, including the American toad, southern toad, and oak toad.

Salamanders (24)

Salamanders are amphibians that have a slimy, moist skin and a long, slender body. These creatures can be found in Alabama’s forests, rivers, and wetlands, where they play an important role in the ecosystem. Some of the salamander species commonly found in Alabama include the marbled salamander, eastern newt, and red salamander.

Types of MAMMALS in Alabama

Mammals (25)

Alabama is home to a diverse range of mammal species, with 25 different species inhabiting the state. These animals range in size from tiny bats to majestic dolphins, and they play an important role in Alabama’s ecosystems. Some of the mammal species commonly found in Alabama include the white-tailed deer, gray fox, and eastern cottontail rabbit.

Birds of Alabama

Bats (15)

Bats are fascinating mammals that can be found in Alabama’s forests, caves, and urban areas. These creatures have the ability to fly and navigate in the dark using echolocation. Alabama is home to 15 species of bats, including the big brown bat, eastern red bat, and southeastern myotis.

Dolphins (9)

Alabama’s Gulf Coast is home to a population of Atlantic bottlenose dolphins. These charismatic marine mammals can often be seen swimming and playing in the waters off the coast. Dolphin-watching tours are a popular activity for visitors to Alabama’s beaches, providing a chance to see these intelligent creatures up close.

Squirrels (3)

Squirrels are small, agile mammals known for their ability to climb trees and gather nuts. Alabama is home to three species of squirrels: the eastern gray squirrel, eastern fox squirrel, and southern flying squirrel. These playful animals can often be seen darting through the trees and foraging for food.

Mice and Rats (9)

Mice and rats are small rodents that can be found in a variety of habitats across Alabama. These creatures are known for their ability to reproduce quickly and adapt to their surroundings. Alabama is home to nine species of mice and rats, including the white-footed mouse, cotton mouse, and Norway rat.

Rodents (11)

Rodents are a diverse group of mammals that can be found in Alabama’s forests, fields, and urban areas. These animals have specialized teeth for gnawing and chewing, and they play an important role in the ecosystem as both prey and predators. Some of the rodent species commonly found in Alabama include the beaver, muskrat, and eastern chipmunk.

Types of INSECTS & ARACHNIDS in Alabama

Bees (14)

Bees are important pollinators that can be found in a variety of habitats across Alabama. These insects play a crucial role in the ecosystem by transferring pollen from one flower to another, allowing plants to reproduce. Alabama is home to 14 species of bees, including the Carolina leafcutter bee, southeastern blueberry bee, and eastern carpenter bee.

Butterflies (30)

Butterflies are beautiful insects known for their intricate patterns and graceful flight. These creatures can be found in a variety of habitats across Alabama, including gardens, meadows, and forests. Alabama is home to 30 species of butterflies, including the monarch butterfly, eastern tiger swallowtail, and zebra swallowtail.

Birds of Alabama

Caterpillars (20)

Caterpillars are the larval stage of butterflies and moths. These creatures can be found munching on leaves and going through various stages of metamorphosis before transforming into adult butterflies or moths. Alabama is home to 20 species of caterpillars, each with its own unique patterns and colors.

Cockroaches (10)

Cockroaches are insects that can be found in a variety of habitats across Alabama, including homes, restaurants, and outdoor areas. While some species are considered pests, others play an important role in the ecosystem as decomposers. Alabama is home to 10 species of cockroaches, including the American cockroach, smokybrown cockroach, and German cockroach.

Common Spiders (24)

Spiders are abundant in Alabama and can be found in a variety of habitats, from forests to gardens to homes. These arachnids play an important role in controlling the population of insects and other small arthropods. Alabama is home to 24 species of common spiders, including the black widow, brown recluse, and golden silk orb-weaver.

Ladybugs (10)

Ladybugs, also known as ladybirds or lady beetles, are colorful beetles that can be found in a variety of habitats across Alabama. These insects are known for their bright colors and distinctive spots, and they are considered beneficial because they feed on aphids and other plant pests. Alabama is home to 10 species of ladybugs, including the seven-spotted ladybeetle, Asian lady beetle, and convergent lady beetle.

Scorpions (4)

Scorpions are arachnids known for their venomous sting and distinctive appearance. Alabama is home to four species of scorpions, including the striped scorpion, southern devil scorpion, and Florida bark scorpion. While these creatures can deliver a painful sting, they are not considered a significant threat to humans.

Stink Bugs (11)

Stink bugs are insects known for their foul-smelling defensive spray. These pests can be found in a variety of habitats across Alabama and are known for their ability to damage crops and garden plants. Alabama is home to 11 species of stink bugs, including the brown marmorated stink bug, green stink bug, and southern green stink bug.

Ticks (10)

Ticks are small arachnids that can be found in a variety of habitats across Alabama, including forests, grasslands, and even urban areas. These parasitic creatures feed on the blood of mammals, including humans, and can transmit diseases. Alabama is home to 10 species of ticks, including the black-legged tick, American dog tick, and lone star tick.

Types of PLANTS in Alabama

Blue Wildflowers (28)

Alabama is home to a stunning variety of blue wildflowers, adding vibrant pops of color to the landscape. These flowers can be found in a variety of habitats, from forests to meadows to wetlands. Some of the blue wildflower species commonly found in Alabama include the blue-eyed grass, firewheel, and spiderwort.

Purple Wildflowers (54)

Purple wildflowers are a common sight in Alabama, with 54 different species found throughout the state. These flowers range in size from tiny blooms to showy, ornamental flowers. Some of the purple wildflower species commonly seen in Alabama include the purple coneflower, ironweed, and false dragonhead.

Orange Wildflowers (14)

Orange wildflowers can be found in a variety of habitats across Alabama, including meadows, prairies, and woodlands. These flowers add a vibrant splash of color to the landscape and attract pollinators like bees and butterflies. Some of the orange wildflower species commonly found in Alabama include the butterfly weed, trumpet vine, and orange milkweed.

Red Wildflowers (18)

Red wildflowers are a striking sight in Alabama, contrasting beautifully with the green landscape. These flowers can be found in a variety of habitats, including forests, fields, and wetlands. Some of the red wildflower species commonly seen in Alabama include the cardinal flower, Indian paintbrush, and fire pink.

White Wildflowers (20)

White wildflowers are a common sight in Alabama’s landscapes, adding a touch of elegance and tranquility. These flowers can be found in a variety of habitats, from woodlands to prairies to wetlands. Some of the white wildflower species commonly found in Alabama include the wild yam, white avens, and white clover.

Yellow Wildflowers (26)

Yellow wildflowers are a cheerful addition to Alabama’s landscapes, brightening up meadows, fields, and roadsides. These flowers attract pollinators like bees and butterflies and can be found in a variety of habitats. Some of the yellow wildflower species commonly seen in Alabama include the black-eyed Susan, goldenrod, and yellow trillium.

Milkweed (9)

Milkweed plants are an important food source for monarch butterflies, providing nectar for adult butterflies and leaves for caterpillars. Alabama is home to nine species of milkweed, including the common milkweed, swamp milkweed, and green antelopehorn milkweed. These plants can often be found in meadows, prairies, and other open areas.

In conclusion, Alabama is home to a diverse range of bird, reptile/amphibian, mammal, insect/arachnid, and plant species. From the colorful birds that grace our backyards to the unique reptiles that inhabit our wetlands, there is a wealth of wildlife to discover in Alabama. Whether you are an avid birdwatcher, a nature enthusiast, or simply curious about the natural world around you, Alabama offers endless opportunities for exploration and discovery. So grab your binoculars, camera, and field guide, and get ready to embark on an unforgettable journey through the incredible biodiversity of Alabama.

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