Colorado is truly a paradise for bird enthusiasts, with its diverse range of species and breathtaking landscapes. In this guide to backyard birdwatching in Colorado, readers will discover the wealth of avian life that calls this state home. From the elegant House Finch to the ethereal Mourning Dove, and the majestic Blue Jay to the charismatic Steller’s Jay, there are countless backyard birds to observe and appreciate. Not only will this article provide a list of notable species, but it will also offer tips on how to attract these feathered friends to your own backyard feeders. Additionally, readers will learn about other birdwatching hotspots and organizations throughout Colorado, ensuring that their birdwatching adventures extend well beyond their own backyards.
Colorado is a birdwatcher’s paradise, boasting a diverse and abundant population of bird species. From the majestic mountains to the rolling grasslands, the state offers a wide range of habitats that attract a rich variety of birds. Whether you’re an experienced birder or a beginner looking to get started, Colorado provides the perfect backdrop for observing and appreciating these beautiful creatures.
2. Colorado’s Bird Diversity
2.1 The variety of bird species in Colorado
Colorado is home to an impressive array of bird species, with over 500 species included on the official state list. From raptors soaring above the mountains to colorful songbirds flitting through the trees, birdwatchers in Colorado have the opportunity to encounter a wide range of avian diversity. Whether you’re interested in spotting waterfowl, shorebirds, or songbirds, Colorado has something to offer every bird enthusiast.
2.2 Notable backyard birds in Colorado
While there are countless species of birds to be found in Colorado, there are a few species that are particularly common in backyard habitats. The House Finch, with its vibrant red coloration, is a frequent visitor to backyard feeders. Mourning Doves can often be seen perched on power lines or feeding on the ground. European Starlings, with their iridescent black plumage, are notorious for their musical mimicking ability. Other notable backyard birds in Colorado include the Black-capped Chickadee, White-breasted Nuthatch, Black-billed Magpie, House Sparrow, American Goldfinch, Blue Jay, and Steller’s Jay.
3. Backyard Birdwatching Basics
3.1 Why engage in backyard birdwatching
Backyard birdwatching is a wonderful way to connect with nature and observe the fascinating behavior of birds up close. It provides an opportunity to learn about different bird species and their unique characteristics. Additionally, birdwatching can be a relaxing and enjoyable hobby that can be pursued in the comfort of one’s own home.
3.2 Essential supplies for backyard birdwatching
To get started with backyard birdwatching, a few basic supplies are necessary. A pair of binoculars is essential for observing birds from a distance and picking up on important details such as plumage patterns and behavior. A field guide specific to birds in Colorado is also helpful for identifying different species. Lastly, a notebook or birdwatching journal can be used to record sightings and make notes about interesting observations.
3.3 Creating a bird-friendly backyard
To attract birds to your backyard, it’s important to create a bird-friendly environment. This can be achieved by providing a variety of native plants that offer food, shelter, and nesting opportunities. Water sources such as bird baths or shallow ponds are also important for birds to drink and bathe. Avoid the use of pesticides and herbicides, as these can be harmful to birds and their food sources.
3.4 Types of bird feeders and feed
Different bird species have different feeding preferences, so it’s important to offer a variety of feeders and feed. Tube feeders are a popular choice and can accommodate a variety of seed types. Platform feeders are great for attracting ground-feeding species such as Mourning Doves. Suet feeders are especially appealing to insect-eating birds such as woodpeckers and nuthatches. Additionally, offering nectar feeders can attract hummingbirds, which are a delight to watch.
3.5 Best practices for feeding birds
When feeding birds, it’s important to follow a few best practices. Keep feeders clean and regularly replenish food to ensure birds have a consistent food source. Place feeders in a safe and accessible location, away from predators such as cats. It’s also important to monitor feeders for signs of disease, such as a build-up of droppings or sick-looking birds, and take appropriate action to prevent the spread of illness.
4. Attracting Backyard Birds in Colorado
4.1 Choosing the right bird feed and feeders
To attract specific bird species to your backyard in Colorado, it’s important to select the right bird feed and feeders. Sunflower seeds are a popular choice and attract a variety of birds, including finches, chickadees, and woodpeckers. Nyjer or thistle seed is highly appealing to finches, while peanuts and suet are favorites of woodpeckers and nuthatches. Opt for feeders with appropriate perches and openings to accommodate different bird sizes and feeding behaviors.
4.2 Placement of bird feeders for optimal viewing
To ensure optimal viewing of backyard birds, it’s important to strategically place feeders. Consider placing them near windows or in an area of your yard where you can easily observe them from a comfortable vantage point. Placing feeders near trees or shrubs can also provide birds with cover and shelter, enhancing their sense of security while feeding.
4.3 Strategies for attracting specific bird species
If you have a particular bird species you’d like to attract to your backyard in Colorado, there are a few strategies you can employ. Research the specific habitat preferences and food requirements of the desired species, and tailor your backyard accordingly. Planting native vegetation that provides appropriate food sources and nesting opportunities can be particularly effective in attracting specific bird species.
4.4 Common mistakes to avoid when feeding birds
While feeding birds can be a rewarding activity, there are some common mistakes to avoid. Overfilling feeders can lead to wasted seed and potential spoilage, so it’s best to fill them only partially. It’s also important to regularly clean feeders to prevent the build-up of bacteria or mold that can be harmful to birds. Avoid placing feeders too close to windows to prevent bird collisions, and be mindful of potential hazards such as open water sources or reflective surfaces that can disorient birds.
5. Colorado Birdwatching Hotspots
5.1 Rocky Mountain National Park
Rocky Mountain National Park is a must-visit destination for birdwatchers in Colorado. With its diverse range of habitats, including alpine tundra, subalpine forests, and montane meadows, the park offers opportunities to observe a wide variety of bird species. Keep an eye out for species such as White-tailed Ptarmigan, American Dipper, Clark’s Nutcracker, and various species of warblers.
5.2 Great Sand Dunes National Park
Although best known for its towering sand dunes, Great Sand Dunes National Park is also a haven for birds. The park encompasses a diverse range of habitats, including wetlands, grasslands, and montane forests. Birdwatchers visiting this unique park may encounter species such as the Pinyon Jay, Sage Thrasher, Mountain Bluebird, and Sandhill Crane.
5.3 Pawnee National Grassland
Pawnee National Grassland is a vast expanse of prairie and grassland that provides important habitat for a variety of bird species. Birdwatchers can expect to see species such as Burrowing Owls, Western Meadowlarks, McCown’s Longspurs, and Mountain Plovers. The grassland is also a critical stopover site for migratory birds, making it a hotspot for birdwatching during spring and fall migration.
5.4 Barr Lake State Park
Located near Denver, Barr Lake State Park is a popular birdwatching destination in Colorado. The park features a large reservoir surrounded by wetlands, making it an ideal habitat for waterfowl and shorebirds. Birdwatchers can expect to see species such as the American White Pelican, Bald Eagle, Western Grebe, and various species of ducks and geese.
5.5 Barr Lake Bird Conservancy
Adjacent to Barr Lake State Park, the Barr Lake Bird Conservancy is a non-profit organization dedicated to bird conservation and education. The conservancy offers guided birdwalks, workshops, and other educational programs for birdwatchers of all levels. It also serves as an important research and monitoring site for local bird populations.
5.6 Denver Audubon Society
The Denver Audubon Society is a local chapter of the National Audubon Society and offers a wealth of resources and activities for birdwatchers in Colorado. From birdwalks and field trips to educational programs and conservation initiatives, the society provides opportunities for bird enthusiasts to connect with like-minded individuals and deepen their understanding of birds and their habitats.
6. Joining Birdwatching Organizations
6.1 Benefits of joining birdwatching organizations
Joining a birdwatching organization can provide numerous benefits for bird enthusiasts. These organizations often offer educational programs, guided birdwalks, and access to resources such as field guides and online databases. Additionally, being part of a community of fellow birdwatchers can provide opportunities for networking, sharing knowledge, and participating in conservation efforts.
6.2 Colorado Field Ornithologists
The Colorado Field Ornithologists (CFO) is a non-profit organization dedicated to the study and conservation of birds in Colorado. Membership in CFO provides access to a quarterly journal, field trips, and opportunities to participate in citizen science projects. The organization also hosts an annual conference where members can learn from experts in the field and connect with other birdwatchers.
6.3 Audubon Society of Greater Denver
The Audubon Society of Greater Denver is a local chapter of the National Audubon Society and offers a range of programs and activities for birdwatchers in the Denver metro area. Membership in the society includes access to birdwalks, workshops, and a bimonthly newsletter. The society also operates a bird banding station and a nature center where birdwatchers can learn about local bird species.
6.4 Bird Conservancy of the Rockies
The Bird Conservancy of the Rockies is a regional organization dedicated to the conservation of birds and their habitats in the Rocky Mountain region. Membership in the conservancy includes access to educational programs, field trips, and volunteer opportunities. The conservancy also conducts research and monitoring projects to better understand bird populations and promote their conservation.
7. Birdwatching Etiquette
7.1 Respecting the birds’ natural habitat
When engaging in birdwatching, it’s important to respect the birds’ natural habitat and minimize disturbance. Avoid getting too close to nesting sites or disturbing birds during their breeding season. Keep noise levels to a minimum and refrain from using flash photography, as this can startle or distress the birds.
7.2 Proper use of bird feeders
If you have bird feeders in your backyard, it’s important to use them responsibly. Clean feeders regularly to prevent the spread of disease, and ensure that feeders are stocked with fresh seed. Avoid overcrowding feeders, as this can lead to aggressive behavior and unnecessary stress for birds. Lastly, be mindful of local regulations regarding bird feeding, as some locations may have restrictions in place to prevent issues such as overpopulation or the spread of non-native species.
7.3 Recording and reporting bird sightings
One of the ways in which birdwatchers can contribute to scientific knowledge is by recording and reporting their bird sightings. Many birdwatching organizations and online platforms offer opportunities to submit sightings and contribute to citizen science projects. By sharing your observations, you can help researchers and conservationists better understand bird populations and their distribution.
8. Resources and References
8.1 Books and field guides
There are numerous books and field guides available that can enhance your birdwatching experience in Colorado. Some recommended titles include:
- “Birds of Colorado” by Ted Floyd
- “A Birder’s Guide to Colorado” by Hugh Kingery
- “Birds of North America: A Guide to Field Identification” by Chandler S. Robbins et al.
8.2 Websites and online resources
Online resources can be invaluable for birdwatching enthusiasts. Some useful websites for birdwatching in Colorado include:
- Colorado Field Ornithologists (cfo-link.org)
- Audubon Society of Greater Denver (denveraudubon.org)
- eBird (ebird.org) – A platform for recording and sharing bird sightings
8.3 Birdwatching apps
Birdwatching apps can provide a convenient way to identify birds, record sightings, and connect with other birdwatchers. Some popular apps include:
- Merlin Bird ID – Cornell Lab (merlin.allaboutbirds.org)
- Audubon Bird Guide (audubon.org/app)
- eBird (ebird.org)
By utilizing these resources and exploring the birdwatching opportunities that Colorado has to offer, you can embark on a rewarding journey of discovery and appreciation for the avian wonders that call the state home. So grab your binoculars, head outside, and let the birds of Colorado captivate your attention and fill your heart with awe and wonder. Happy birdwatching!