5 Types of Monkeys Found in Burkina Faso! (ID Guide)

Are you curious about the different types of monkeys that can be found in Burkina Faso? Well, look no further! This article provides a comprehensive ID guide to five fascinating monkey species that inhabit this region. From the Olive Baboon with its distinctive features and adaptable diet, to the ground-dwelling Patas Monkey known for its impressive speed, and the Tantalus Monkey with its unique alarm calls, there is so much to learn about these incredible creatures. Not to mention the Green Monkey known for its opportunistic nature and the tiny Senegal Bushbaby with its incredible adaptive abilities. Get ready to explore the diverse world of monkeys in Burkina Faso and discover some interesting facts along the way!

Monkey Species in Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso, a landlocked country in West Africa, is home to a variety of monkey species. These primates can be found in different habitats throughout the country, from savannas and forests to grasslands and coastal areas. In this article, we will explore five monkey species that can be found in Burkina Faso and learn about their identifying characteristics, habitat and distribution, social behavior, and diet.

1. Olive Baboon

The Olive Baboon, also known as the Anubis Baboon, is one of the largest monkey species in Burkina Faso. Adults can grow up to 85 cm (33 in) long, and their fur has an olive tint, giving them their distinctive appearance. Olive Baboons can be found in savannas, forests, and grasslands. They are highly adaptable and can thrive in different habitats.

These primates are social animals and gather in groups of 15-150 members. They follow a complex social hierarchy, with adult females forming the core of the system. Social ranks are passed down from mother to daughter, and smaller sub-groups are created to groom each other and provide backup during conflicts. Males compete with one another to establish dominance.

Olive Baboons have a flexible diet, ranging from plants to small animals. They are known to hunt as a band and can even take down small antelopes. Populations close to farmlands may also prey on goats and sheep.

2. Patas Monkey

The Patas Monkey, also known as the Wadi Monkey or Hussar Monkey, is a ground-dwelling monkey species found in Burkina Faso. Adults are generally 61-89 cm (24-35 in) long, with males being larger than females. They have white hair framing their dark faces and pale coats that grow reddish brown around their backs.

Patas Monkeys are known for their impressive speed and are the fastest sprinters among primates, capable of reaching speeds of up to 55 km/h (34 mph). They inhabit savannahs where trees are sparse and widely spaced. Troops of Patas Monkeys can contain up to 60 members, with only one adult male leading the females and juveniles.

These monkeys spend a lot of time finding food and water due to their arid habitats. They like to feed on sap leaking out from Acacia tree trunks and have acquired a taste for farm crops in areas where their territories overlap with human settlements.

3. Tantalus Monkey

The Tantalus Monkey, also known as the Chlorocebus tantalus, is commonly found in Burkina Faso. Adults are 30-83 cm (12-33 in) long, with males being notably larger than females. They have dark faces outlined with white fur, and their undersides are white, while the rest of their coats are grayish or yellow.

Tantalus Monkeys can often be encountered near human settlements due to urban expansion. They thrive in woodlands, grasslands, and degraded forests. These monkeys can be found in groups of 30 individuals, which loiter around the edges of forests, always close to fresh water.

Their varied diets include grasses, berries, and small animals, but they particularly enjoy fruits. Tantalus Monkeys communicate through a series of alarm calls and are known for having 36 unique calls for different situations and threats. They spend most of their days foraging on the ground and cleverly store food inside their cheeks for later consumption.

4. Green Monkey

The Green Monkey, also known as the Sabaeus Monkey, can be found in Burkina Faso. Adults have a body length of 30-60 cm (12-24 in), and their gold-tipped tails are 41-76 cm (16-30 in) long. They have yellowish hair surrounding their dark faces, and their coats have a tinge of green and gold.

These monkeys can form communities of up to 80 individuals and often stay near fresh water. They have the ability to swim in rivers to cool down when it gets too hot. Green Monkeys can survive in habitats such as rainforest outskirts, dry woodlands, and coastal areas. They spend 60% of their waking hours traveling and searching for food.

Green Monkeys have a varied diet that includes fruits, seeds, leaves, insects, small lizards, crabs, and lungfish. They are opportunistic predators and are known for stealing food from unwary tourists in areas where their populations overlap with urban regions. These primates use distinct calls to warn troop mates of predators and are quieter in areas where hunting is prevalent to hide from poachers.

5. Senegal Bushbaby

The Senegal Bushbaby, also known as the Northern Lesser Galago, is one of the most widespread primate species in Burkina Faso. Even as adults, these tiny creatures are only 9-21 cm (4-8 in) long, with tails ranging from 11-28 cm (4-11 in). They have notably large and rounded eyes, and their ears, hands, and feet are proportionally large. Their wooly coats can range from gray to brown, with some individuals having stripes and markings on their bodies.

Senegal Bushbabies thrive in dry woodlands and savannas and are incredibly agile. They can sprint and leap through the tangle of branches, using their long tails for balance. These primates are equipped with large eyes to help them see in the dark of night, twitchy ears that can detect faint sounds, and narrow tongues to reach deep into cracks where insects hide.

Their diet consists of fruits, nuts, tree sap, and prey if they can’t find sufficient food sources. Senegal Bushbabies mark their territories with urine to keep outsiders from trespassing. Family units sleep together in tree hollows, with adult females and their children sharing one sleeping space and adult males sleeping alone. These primates tend to bite and spit when threatened, so it’s best not to startle them.

In conclusion, Burkina Faso is home to a diverse range of monkey species. Each species has unique identifying characteristics, habitats, social behaviors, and diets. Observing these fascinating primates in their natural habitats can provide a glimpse into the rich biodiversity of this African country.

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