Discover the diverse avian world of Slovakia in 2023 with this captivating article highlighting the 29 most common birds found in the country. From gardens and backyards to feeding stations, these feathered creatures are a common sight in everyday life. Beginning with the Common Chaffinch, readers will learn about the unique characteristics and preferred habitat of each bird. With fascinating details about their appearance, nesting habits, feeding behavior, and territorial range, this article explores the lives of birds such as the Common Wood Pigeon, the Dunnock, the Eurasian or Common Blackbird, and the Eurasian Blackcap. Readers will also be introduced to the Bullfinch, the Eurasian Collared Dove, the Eurasian Jackdaw, the Eurasian Jay, and the Magpie, each with its own distinctive traits. Get ready to embark on a journey through the avian wonders of Slovakia!
The Common Chaffinch is one of the most common bird species in Slovakia. It is easily identifiable by its colorful plumage and distinctive markings. The male chaffinch has a pinkish chest and cheeks, grayish-blue crown and nape, and a black cap. The female, on the other hand, has a more subdued coloration with brownish-gray feathers and a pale belly.
These birds are commonly found in a variety of habitats, including woodlands, gardens, and parks. They are often seen foraging for food on the ground or perched on tree branches. Chaffinches primarily feed on seeds, insects, and berries, and their diet may vary depending on the season.
Common Wood Pigeon
The Common Wood Pigeon is a familiar sight in Slovakia with its distinctive appearance and behavior. These birds are large and have a plump body, long tail, and broad wings. They are predominantly gray in color, with a lighter gray head and neck and dark gray wings and back.
When it comes to nesting habits, Common Wood Pigeons build simple nests made from twigs, branches, and leaves. These nests are often located in trees or on buildings. The female pigeon usually lays two eggs, which are incubated by both parents.
Feeding on a variety of seeds, fruits, and greens, the Common Wood Pigeon can often be seen in gardens and fields. Their feeding behavior involves picking up food from the ground or plucking it directly from plants.
The Dunnock is a small bird with a fascinating appearance and nesting versatility. It has a plain gray-brown plumage with darker streaks on its wings and back. The bird’s small size and slender shape make it easily distinguishable from other bird species.
One of the interesting aspects of the Dunnock is its nesting habits. Unlike many other birds, this species does not build conspicuous nests. Instead, it utilizes natural cavities, crevices, or old nests of other birds. This adaptability allows the Dunnock to nest in a wide range of environments, including hedges, bushes, or low tree branches.
Eurasian or Common Blackbird
The Eurasian Blackbird is a common sight in Slovakia, known for its distinctive appearance and behavior. This bird is primarily black in color, with a bright yellow ring around its eyes. The male and female blackbirds have similar plumage, although the male may have a slightly darker coloration.
These blackbirds can be found in a variety of habitats, including woodlands, gardens, and parks. They are particularly fond of areas with vegetation and shrubs where they can search for food and build their nests. Blackbirds have a varied diet that consists of insects, earthworms, fruits, and berries.
The Eurasian Blackcap is a gray bird that can be found in various territories throughout Slovakia. It is characterized by its overall gray plumage, with the male having a darker gray coloration on the head and throat. The female blackcap, on the other hand, has a lighter gray plumage.
One of the most distinctive features of the blackcap is its melodious singing. These birds are known for their beautiful and complex songs, which they use to communicate and attract mates. The blackcap’s song is a defining characteristic of its presence in the territories it inhabits.
The Bullfinch is a colorful bird that can be found in both natural and manufactured habitats throughout Slovakia. The male has a vibrant red chest, cheeks, and rump, with a black face and cap. The female, on the other hand, has a more subdued coloration, with grayish-brown feathers and a pale pinkish chest.
These birds are commonly found in woodlands, gardens, and orchards, where they feed on a variety of seeds, buds, and fruits. Bullfinches have a unique feeding behavior where they hold their food with their feet and use their bills to extract the seeds or fruits.
Eurasian Collared Dove
The Eurasian Collared Dove is a bird with a unique coloring and drinking behavior. It has a overall gray plumage, with a paler coloration on its chest and a darker gray on its wings and back. The feathers around its neck resemble a distinct collar, hence the name “collared” dove.
When it comes to drinking, this bird has a rather interesting technique. Instead of dipping its beak into water like most birds, the Eurasian Collared Dove uses its beak as a straw. It will submerge its beak in water and then quickly retract it, using the suction to drink.
The Eurasian Jackdaw is a dark gray bird that is often seen in open spaces such as farmland or open woods. It has a distinctive appearance with its black cap, nape, and breast, contrasting with the gray color of its back and wings.
These birds are highly adaptable and can be found in a variety of habitats, including urban areas, farmlands, and woodlands. They are often seen in large groups, called “flocks,” socializing and foraging together. Eurasian Jackdaws primarily feed on insects, seeds, fruits, and scraps of food they find.
The Eurasian Jay is a strikingly colored bird with brownish-tan plumage and bold markings on its wings and tail. It has a black crown and forehead, and its wings feature distinctive bright blue patches, known as “wing mirrors.”
These birds can be found in a variety of habitats, including woodlands, parks, and gardens. They are known for their intelligence and can often be seen caching food for later consumption. Eurasian Jays primarily feed on acorns, nuts, seeds, and fruits.
Other Bird Species in Slovakia
In addition to the birds mentioned above, Slovakia is home to a wide variety of bird species. Some of the other common birds found in the country include:
- Magpie: This bird has a striking black, white, and blue plumage and is often found in open countryside, meadows, and rocky areas.
- Greenfinch: Recognizable by its green plumage and yellow patches on its wings and tail, the Greenfinch can be found in various habitats, including gardens, woodlands, and parks.
- Great Tit: With its black head, white cheeks, and vibrant yellow body, the Great Tit is a familiar bird in Slovakia. It can be found in a variety of habitats, including woodlands, gardens, and parks.
- House Sparrow: This small bird has a brownish plumage and can be found in urban areas, farmlands, and gardens. House Sparrows are known for their adaptability and ability to live alongside humans.
- European Robin: The European Robin is a symbol of winter with its reddish-orange breast and gray-brown plumage. It can be found in various habitats, including woodlands, parks, and gardens.
These are just a few examples of the many bird species that can be found in Slovakia. The country’s diverse habitats and landscapes provide a haven for a wide variety of birdlife, making it a paradise for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts.