27 Common Blue Wildflowers Found in New Jersey

In this informative article, readers are introduced to a dazzling array of 27 common blue wildflowers found in the picturesque landscapes of New Jersey. Each wildflower is thoughtfully described, providing essential growing information such as the USDA Hardiness Zone, life cycle, and bloom time. Furthermore, readers will gain insights into the specific habitats where these wildflowers thrive and discover their unique characteristics or uses. Moreover, the article highlights the significant role some of these wildflowers play in attracting butterflies, bees, and other vital pollinators. On the flip side, readers are also made aware of the potential invasive nature of certain wildflowers and the impact they may have on other plants in the area.

Beautiful Blue Wildflowers of New Jersey

New Jersey is home to a diverse array of stunning wildflowers, and among them, the blue ones stand out with their vibrant and captivating hues. In this article, we will explore 27 common blue wildflowers found in New Jersey. Each wildflower has its own unique characteristics and growing requirements, making them a delightful addition to any garden or natural landscape. So, let’s dive in and discover the beauty of these blue gems!

1. Blue Cohosh (Caulophyllum giganteum)

USDA Hardiness Zone

Blue Cohosh thrives in USDA Hardiness Zones 3 to 7, making it well-suited for the temperate climate of New Jersey.

Life Cycle

This perennial wildflower has a relatively short life cycle, typically lasting for 2 to 5 years.

Bloom Time

Blue Cohosh flowers in late spring to early summer, adding a touch of elegance to the landscape.

Habitat and Characteristics

Blue Cohosh prefers moist, shady woodlands and is known for its distinctive blue-green foliage and unique blue berries. It reaches a height of 2 to 3 feet and boasts delicate, star-shaped flowers.

Impact on Other Plants

While Blue Cohosh does not have a significant impact on other plants, it is important to note that its blue berries are toxic, so caution should be exercised when planting it near edible crops.

2. Blue Eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium angustifolium)

USDA Hardiness Zone

Blue Eyed Grass flourishes in USDA Hardiness Zones 4 to 9, making it well-suited for various regions of New Jersey.

Life Cycle

Blue Eyed Grass is a perennial wildflower that returns year after year, adding charm to any landscape.

Bloom Time

This beauty blooms from late spring through early summer, delighting garden enthusiasts with its vibrant blue flowers.

Habitat and Characteristics

Blue Eyed Grass thrives in moist meadows and open woodlands, and its slender leaves resemble grass blades. This wildflower reaches a height of 1 to 2 feet and showcases striking blue or purple star-shaped flowers.

Attracts Pollinators

Blue Eyed Grass is highly attractive to various pollinators, including bees and butterflies, making it a valuable addition to any pollinator garden.

27 Common Blue Wildflowers Found in New Jersey

3. Blue Flag Iris (Iris versicolor)

USDA Hardiness Zone

Blue Flag Iris is well-suited for USDA Hardiness Zones 4 to 9, which encompasses the majority of New Jersey’s climate.

Life Cycle

This perennial wildflower has a sturdy presence in gardens, gracing them year after year.

Bloom Time

Blue Flag Iris blooms from late spring to early summer, showcasing its captivating blue flowers.

Habitat and Characteristics

Blue Flag Iris thrives in wetlands, along the edges of ponds, and in marshy areas. With its sword-like leaves and spiky stems, it stands tall at around 2 to 3 feet. Its striking blue-purple blooms create a stunning contrast against the lush green surroundings.

Attracts Pollinators

Blue Flag Iris is a magnet for pollinators, particularly bees and butterflies. Its nectar-rich flowers serve as an excellent food source for these beneficial insects.

4. Blue Lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)

USDA Hardiness Zone

Blue Lobelia prefers USDA Hardiness Zones 3 to 9, making it adaptable to a wide range of climates in New Jersey.

Life Cycle

This perennial wildflower returns each year, spreading its charm in gardens and natural habitats.

Bloom Time

Blue Lobelia bursts into bloom from mid-summer to early fall, transforming the landscape with its vivid blue flowers.

Habitat and Characteristics

Blue Lobelia thrives in damp meadows, along stream banks, and in moist woodlands. Its slender stems can reach a height of 2 to 3 feet, adorned with beautiful blue flowers. The elongated leaves add an interesting texture to its overall appearance.

Attracts Pollinators

Blue Lobelia’s nectar-rich flowers are irresistible to hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies, making it a popular choice for pollinator gardens.

27 Common Blue Wildflowers Found in New Jersey

5. Blue Vervain (Verbena hastata)

USDA Hardiness Zone

Blue Vervain adapts well to USDA Hardiness Zones 3 to 8, thriving in various regions of New Jersey.

Life Cycle

This perennial wildflower returns year after year, showcasing its timeless beauty.

Bloom Time

Blue Vervain blooms from mid-summer to early fall, gracing the landscape with its slender spikes of vibrant blue flowers.

Habitat and Characteristics

Blue Vervain thrives in various habitats, including wet meadows, prairies, and along stream banks. It can reach a height of 2 to 6 feet, displaying elegant branching stems and enchanting blue flowers. Its serrated leaves add an interesting touch to its appearance.

Attracts Pollinators

Blue Vervain’s flowers act as a magnet for a wide range of pollinators, including butterflies and bees, making it an excellent addition to any pollinator-friendly garden.

6. Blue Wild Indigo (Baptisia australis)

USDA Hardiness Zone

Blue Wild Indigo is well-suited for USDA Hardiness Zones 3 to 9, adapting to the majority of New Jersey’s climate.

Life Cycle

This perennial wildflower establishes a strong presence in gardens, offering its beauty year after year.

Bloom Time

Blue Wild Indigo blooms in late spring to early summer, gracing the landscape with its vibrant blue blossoms.

Habitat and Characteristics

Blue Wild Indigo thrives in prairies, meadows, and open woodlands. It reaches a height of 3 to 4 feet, showcasing its upright stems and striking blue flowers. The foliage consists of attractive blue-green leaves that add depth to its overall appearance.

Attracts Pollinators

Blue Wild Indigo’s flowers attract a variety of pollinators, including bees and butterflies, making it a beneficial addition to any garden focused on supporting these important creatures.

Uses

In addition to its aesthetic appeal, Blue Wild Indigo has historically been used for medicinal purposes. Its roots have been used in herbal remedies for their anti-inflammatory properties.

27 Common Blue Wildflowers Found in New Jersey

7. Butterfly Pea (Clitoria mariana)

USDA Hardiness Zone

Butterfly Pea flourishes in USDA Hardiness Zones 5 to 9, adapting to various regions of New Jersey.

Life Cycle

This perennial wildflower brings its charm to gardens year after year, enchanting both humans and pollinators.

Bloom Time

Butterfly Pea blooms from mid-summer to early fall, showcasing its delicate, deep blue flowers.

Habitat and Characteristics

Butterfly Pea thrives in sandy or rocky soils, often found in open woodlands and prairies. It grows up to 3 feet tall, boasting clusters of intricate blue blossoms. The flowers possess a unique characteristic – they close up at night and reopen in the morning, attracting attention from passersby.

Attracts Pollinators

As the name suggests, Butterfly Pea is a favorite among butterflies, attracting them with its nectar-rich flowers. Bees and other pollinators also benefit from this exquisite wildflower.

Unique Characteristics

Butterfly Pea has an interesting feature – its flowers are said to have an alluring fragrance reminiscent of grapes, adding to its appeal and charm.

8. Chicory (Cichorium intybus)

USDA Hardiness Zone

Chicory thrives in USDA Hardiness Zones 3 to 9, making it adaptable to various regions of New Jersey.

Life Cycle

This perennial wildflower establishes a strong presence and can persist for several years.

Bloom Time

Chicory blooms from mid-summer to early fall, dotting the landscape with its vibrant blue flowers.

Habitat and Characteristics

Chicory is commonly found along roadsides, in meadows, and in disturbed areas. It grows up to 4 feet tall, displaying exquisite blue flowers. The leaves have a unique jagged shape, adding an interesting texture to its overall appearance.

Attracts Pollinators

Chicory’s nectar-rich flowers are highly attractive to bees and butterflies, making it a valuable addition to any pollinator garden.

Uses

Chicory has several practical uses. Its roots can be roasted and ground to brew a coffee substitute, while the leaves are often used in salads for their slightly bitter flavor.

27 Common Blue Wildflowers Found in New Jersey

9. False Indigo (Baptisia tinctoria)

USDA Hardiness Zone

False Indigo thrives in USDA Hardiness Zones 3 to 8, adapting well to the majority of New Jersey’s climate.

Life Cycle

This perennial wildflower establishes a long-lasting presence in gardens, gracing them with its beauty for years to come.

Bloom Time

False Indigo blooms in late spring to early summer, showcasing its vibrant blue flowers.

Habitat and Characteristics

False Indigo thrives in open woodlands, prairies, and along stream banks. It grows up to 3 feet tall, boasting clusters of blue flowers. The foliage consists of attractive dark green leaves, adding depth to its overall appearance.

Attracts Pollinators

False Indigo’s flowers attract a variety of pollinators, including bees and butterflies, making it a welcome addition to any pollinator-friendly garden.

Impact on Other Plants

It is important to note that False Indigo has allelopathic properties, which means it can produce chemicals that inhibit the growth of nearby plants. This characteristic should be considered when planning its placement in a garden or natural landscape.

27. Wild Blue Phlox (Phlox divaricata)

USDA Hardiness Zone

Wild Blue Phlox is well-suited for USDA Hardiness Zones 4 to 8, adapting well to the climate of New Jersey.

Life Cycle

This perennial wildflower returns each year, gracing gardens and natural areas with its delicate beauty.

Bloom Time

Wild Blue Phlox blooms in early to mid-spring, filling the landscape with its gorgeous blue flowers.

Habitat and Characteristics

Wild Blue Phlox thrives in woodland areas, along stream banks, and in partly shaded gardens. It reaches a height of 1 to 2 feet, displaying clusters of fragrant blue flowers. The oval-shaped leaves add an appealing texture to its overall appearance.

Attracts Pollinators

Wild Blue Phlox’s fragrant flowers are highly attractive to butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds, making it an excellent choice for any wildlife garden.

These 27 blue wildflowers of New Jersey captivate with their stunning hues and unique characteristics. Whether you’re looking to enhance your garden’s visual appeal, attract pollinators, or create a natural oasis, these beauties are sure to deliver. So, why not bring a touch of blue to your outdoor space and enjoy the enchanting presence of these marvelous wildflowers?

27 Common Blue Wildflowers Found in New Jersey

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