In this informative article, readers will encounter a comprehensive list of 17 common spiders that can be found in Jordan. From the Red-bellied Jumping Spider to the Mediterranean False Black Widow, each spider is described by their unique identifying characteristics, habits, and potential dangers to humans. However, this extensive list only scratches the surface, as there are over 50,000 species of spiders worldwide. So, let’s grab a magnifying glass and embark on a fascinating journey into the world of arachnids in Jordan.
Red-bellied Jumping Spider
The Red-bellied Jumping Spider is a fascinating arachnid found in Jordan. As the name suggests, this spider is known for its distinct red belly, which sets it apart from other species. Its vibrant coloration makes it quite attractive and stands out in the spider kingdom. In addition to the red belly, this species has a compact body and long legs, enabling it to perform impressive leaps and bounds.
In terms of habits, the Red-bellied Jumping Spider is an active hunter that relies on its excellent eyesight to locate prey. These spiders are incredibly agile and are often seen jumping from one surface to another in pursuit of their next meal. They primarily feed on small insects such as flies and mosquitoes, making them beneficial for keeping populations of these pests in check.
While the Red-bellied Jumping Spider may look intimidating to some, it poses no significant danger to humans. Its venom is not potent enough to cause harm to humans, and it would only bite as a last resort if it feels threatened. These spiders are generally docile and prefer to avoid human contact whenever possible.
Mediterranean False Black Widow
The Mediterranean False Black Widow is another common spider species found in Jordan. Despite its name, it is not a true black widow but resembles one in appearance. This medium-sized spider has a dark coloration, often black or dark brown, and features a distinctive pattern on its abdomen. Unlike black widows, the Mediterranean False Black Widow lacks the characteristic red hourglass marking.
In terms of behavior, the Mediterranean False Black Widow prefers to create its webs in hidden or sheltered areas. These spiders are not aggressive and will only bite in self-defense. However, their bites can cause mild symptoms such as localized pain, swelling, and redness. It is essential to exercise caution and seek medical attention if bitten by this spider.
Middle East Black Tarantula
The Middle East Black Tarantula is an impressive and intimidating spider species found in Jordan. These spiders have a large and robust body covered in black, dense hair. Their size alone, reaching up to 10 centimeters in leg span, commands attention. Despite their intimidating appearance, these tarantulas are relatively harmless to humans.
In terms of habits, the Middle East Black Tarantula is a nocturnal predator. They primarily feed on insects and other small invertebrates. These spiders construct burrows in the soil or take residence in pre-existing crevices. Their burrows serve as a safe retreat during the day, while they venture out at night to hunt for food.
While the Middle East Black Tarantula’s bite may cause mild discomfort and localized swelling, it is not considered medically significant. However, individuals with spider bite allergies should exercise caution and seek medical attention if bitten.
Walckenaer’s Huntsman is a unique and intriguing spider species found in Jordan. These spiders have an elongated body, often brown or tan in color, and are known for their impressive speed and agility. One of their distinguishing characteristics is their incredible eyesight, which enhances their hunting abilities.
In terms of habits, Walckenaer’s Huntsman is a nocturnal predator that prefers to spend its days in dark, sheltered areas. They do not build webs but rely on their exceptional speed to chase down and capture their prey. They are often found in homes, where they help control populations of other household pests such as flies and mosquitoes.
In terms of potential dangers to humans, Walckenaer’s Huntsman is generally harmless. They are shy and will typically run away from humans rather than bite. However, accidental bites can occur if the spider feels threatened or cornered. While their venom is not known to cause significant harm to humans, it’s always best to remain cautious and avoid handling these spiders.
The Mediterranean Recluse is a spider species that Jordan residents should be aware of due to its potential dangers. These spiders are often mistaken for the more notorious brown recluse spiders found in other parts of the world. The Mediterranean Recluse has a similar brown coloration, with a violin-shaped marking on the cephalothorax.
In terms of habits, the Mediterranean Recluse is nocturnal and typically avoids human contact. They prefer undisturbed areas such as attics, basements, and storage spaces, where they can build their webs. Like their brown recluse counterparts, their bites can cause serious medical concerns, including necrotic tissue damage. If bitten by a Mediterranean Recluse, it is crucial to seek immediate medical attention.
Camel Spiders are a fascinating group of arachnids commonly found in Jordan. Despite their name, they are not true spiders but are classified as solifugids. These creatures have a distinct appearance, with a large body, long legs, and a pair of strong, pincer-like jaws at the front. They can be quite large, with some species reaching up to six inches in length.
In terms of habits, Camel Spiders are primarily nocturnal predators. They are known for their incredible speed, capable of running at high speeds in search of prey. While they are hunters, they are also opportunistic scavengers, feeding on small vertebrates and insects. Contrary to popular belief, Camel Spiders do not seek out human hosts to feed on.
When it comes to potential dangers to humans, Camel Spiders do have a strong bite that can be painful. However, the majority of species are not venomous and pose little threat to humans. Nonetheless, it is always advised to exercise caution and avoid handling these creatures.
The Brown Widow is a spider species commonly found in Jordan. They are related to the more well-known black widow spiders and share some similarities in appearance. However, Brown Widows have distinctive dark brown or tan bodies with prominent geometric patterns on their abdomen. This spider can be easily identified by the hourglass-shaped markings on its underside.
In terms of habits, Brown Widows are notorious for their habit of building webs in close proximity to human dwellings. They prefer shaded or sheltered areas, such as garages, sheds, or outdoor furniture. These arachnids primarily feed on insects that get trapped in their webs.
While the Brown Widow’s venom is considered to be less potent than that of the black widow, it can still cause mild to moderate symptoms in humans. Bites may result in localized pain, swelling, and redness. It is important to exercise caution and seek medical attention if bitten, particularly for individuals with existing health conditions or known allergies.
Banded Garden Spider
The Banded Garden Spider is a visually striking spider species commonly found in Jordan. These spiders have a vibrant coloration, featuring a black or brown body with yellow or orange markings. Their abdomens are adorned with large, alternating bands of bright colors, making them a captivating sight.
In terms of habits, the Banded Garden Spider is an orb-weaving spider. They construct large, intricate, circular webs to capture flying insects as they pass by. These spiders are most active during the warm, sunny months, where they can be found in gardens, meadows, and other open areas.
Despite their intimidating appearance, the Banded Garden Spider is not harmful to humans. They are typically non-aggressive and will only bite if threatened or provoked. Their venom is not considered medically significant, and their bites generally cause only mild irritation.
Crab Spiders are a diverse group of spiders commonly found in Jordan. These spiders are named for their crab-like appearance, with two pairs of front legs that are larger and facing forward. This unique adaptation allows them to blend in with flowers or other surfaces where they lie in wait for their prey.
In terms of habits, Crab Spiders are ambush predators. They do not build webs but instead rely on their camouflage and stealth to capture their prey. These spiders are capable of adjusting their body color to match the surrounding environment, making them exceptionally difficult to spot. Given their adaptable nature, they can be found in various habitats throughout Jordan.
Crab Spiders are generally considered harmless to humans. They are non-aggressive and will typically flee rather than bite if approached. Furthermore, their venom is not known to be medically significant for humans.
Spiders in Jordan and Worldwide
While the previous descriptions provide valuable insights into some of the common spider species found in Jordan, it is essential to recognize that this is only a small fraction of the spider diversity in the country. Jordan is home to a wide array of spider species, each with its own unique characteristics and habits. The list provided here serves as an introduction to some of the more notable and easily recognizable species.
On a global scale, the number of spider species is vast. It is estimated that there are over 50,000 described species worldwide, with many more awaiting discovery and classification. Spiders can be found on every continent except Antarctica, showcasing their remarkable adaptability and ability to thrive in various environments.
While spiders may elicit fear in some individuals, it is important to remember that the majority of spider species are harmless to humans. They play crucial roles in ecosystems, controlling populations of insects and contributing to biodiversity. By understanding more about spiders and their habits, we can coexist with these fascinating creatures in harmony.